Even if it means planting trees in your garden, you might as well create a setting that remains green in all seasons. This is why we choose a few evergreen specimens which provide a decorative note when the deciduous trees are completely bare. There are a multitude of varieties. Some are perfect on a large lot, others are better suited to small gardens due to their small footprint. Here is a selection of 10 evergreen trees to create a beautiful and original nature space.
1 – The Mimosa of the four seasons
TheAcacia retinodes belongs to the family of Mimosaceae. Sometimes nicknamed Summer mimosa, it can flower at any time and several times in the year, magnifying the garden of its splendid yellow bloom with a divine, subtly powdery fragrance… true olfactory delight. Its soft green evergreen foliage is very light and of rare elegance.
This mimosa at rapid growth is satisfied with a calcareous soil. It is suitable for small and large gardens and works wonders in isolation. Due to its low hardiness, it is more suitable for regions with a temperate climate. On the other hand, it tolerates drought and strong heat well. It is a tree to be grown in a pot in cold regions where it is better to place it under shelter to protect it from the harshness of winter.
2 – Lily of the valley tree
Zenobia pulverulenta Blue Sky is an evergreen to semi-evergreen shrub with a bushy habit. It belongs to the family of Ericaceae. From mid-May to July, it is covered with a profusion of flowers beautiful in the shape of immaculate white bells with a delicate fragrance. Original, it has small leaves with a pale blue reverse.
This shrub is limited to 1.50 m in height in adulthood and does not exceed 1 m in wingspan. He likes acidic earth, heather type earth, humus and cool. It is particularly fond of semi-shaded areas. Lily of the valley tree can be planted in the ground or in bac that we position on a terrace located in the shade. Rustic, it can withstand down to -15 ° C but must imperatively be sheltered from cold winds from the east.
3 – The Despair of the Apes
Araucaria araucana is a ornamental conifer, from the family of Araucariaceae, originally from Chile. Of great singularity, this evergreen tree has leathery leaves of a beautiful bright green, triangular in shape. They are extremely sharp and prickly, like large overlapping scales with a sharp edge. Its trunk is also covered with scales making its ascent impossible, hence the monkey-puzzler nickname first attributed to it by a Lord of Cornouaille, a term which was translated as Despair of the Apes when it was first introduced in France. in 1937.
Semi-rustic, TheAraucaria should be planted in a region with a mild climate. It is rather intended for large grounds because it can reach 10 meters wingspan, 25 meters in height in our latitudes, but sometimes reaches 80 meters in its original environment. Yet he has a poorly developed root system.
Despair of the monkeys is satisfied with an ordinary soil, with neutral pH. It does not like excess humidity but particularly appreciates sunny exposures. It can be noted that its 20 cm long cones provide hundreds of edible seeds.
4 – The candlelight shrub
Garrya elliptica is a ornamental shrub from the family of Garryacea bringing together about twenty species of dicotyledonous plants. Native to North America, it brings great distinction to the garden. It is said to be dioecious because a subject bears either female or male flowers. The first are erect cones while the seconds are spectacular white kittens evoking more or less countless stalactites, emerging from February to March.
In adulthood, it hardly exceeds 3 m in height. It is planted in isolation or in a free hedge, in rich, cool and light soil. The candlelight shrub loves spray, sunny areas of the garden but sheltered from cold winds. It displays appreciable hardiness since it can withstand down to -12 ° C.
5 – Bergamot
Citrus bergamia is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family of Rutaceae. Very present in Italy, the Bergamot tree, which can reach 3 meters in height, has light green, shiny and leathery leaves. he blooms from March to May. Its small, very fragrant flowers consist of 5 white petals. It is from November, and until January, that we can harvest bergamots, of juicy berries, more acidic than orange but also with fairly present bitterness, which is mainly consumed in citrus marmalade.
Not very rustic, the Bergamot tree does not support frost. It is also the least rustic of Citrus. It loves very sunny situations, well-drained, sandy, light, neutral to acid soils. It can therefore be planted in heather soil or in soil rich in humus. Grown in the ground in Mediterranean regions, it is preferable to keep it in a container in order to shelter it in winter in less mild climates.
6 – The tricolor Cleyera
Cleyera japonica Variegata belongs to the family of Theaceae. This shrub native to Southeast Asia which is also marketed under the name of Eurya ochnacea. It is highly regarded for its highly decorative variegated evergreen foliage, its bushy and irregular habit. It does not exceed 1.50 to 2 m in height in adulthood and its growth is very slow. It blooms throughout the summer. Its small white flowers are very fragrant. They then give birth to berries, first red and then turning black when they are ripe.
This Cleyera likes sunny to semi-shaded situations, light, well-drained, humus-rich soils, and neutral to acidic soils. It is ideal for small southern gardens, but can be grown in a container in cooler climates, paired on a sunny terrace with other heather plants like Rhododendron and Camellia. Resistant to pollution, it is the ideal decorative shrub for urban gardens.
7 – The Pink Laurel
Nerium oleander is a vigorous shrub from the family of Apocynaceae. It can reach 4 meters in height as an adult. Its elongated and pointed leaves, leathery, are of a clear green. The Oleander is adorned, from June to October, with a multitude of double or single flowers, grouped together in elegant terminal bouquets. Available in many colors, red, pink, white, yellow, the Oleander is equally suitable for cultivation in vats, in isolation, in rows or in windbreak hedges.
It appreciates rich, well-drained soils, sunny situations, ventilated, but does not tolerate long periods of frost due to its low hardiness. In harsh climates, it should be sheltered in winter. On the other hand, it is an evergreen shrub that can be adopted without fear in the southern regions and the Atlantic coast, especially as it is resistant to spray.
8 – Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus is a tree of the family of Myrtaceae rather recommended for large gardens because its height happily exceeds 5 meters and its width can reach a good ten meters. Remarkable with its silvery green foliage and his decorative bark.
This tree with aromatic leaves and fast growing likes very sunny positions and well-drained soils but hates limestone. Eucalyptus is used in groups or in isolation, in regions with a mild climate because it is not very hardy.
9 – The Strawberry Tree
Arbutus unedo, from the family of Ericaceae, measures between 3 and 5 meters high and 2 to 4 meters wide. The more it advances in age, the more its branches become twisted, which brings a crazy charm to the garden. It’s a decorative tree with its glossy dark green foliage, its bell flowers immaculate white, and its orange-red fruits, edible, delicious, which ripen in autumn and are called the arbutus.
Moderately hardy, the Arbutus – sometimes nicknamed Strawberry tree – must be installed sheltered from winds and in a very sunny place, especially in harsh climates. He likes all types of soils (except limestone), well-drained and rich.
10 – The large-flowered Magnolia
Magnolia grandiflora is a pyramidal tree belonging to the family of Magnoliaceae. Very appreciated for its decorative evergreen, composed of large glossy dark green leaves, leathery, with a reddish brown underside, it flowers from July until October. His spectacular white flowers, more than 20 cm in diameter, are deliciously scented. This majestic tree can be used in alignment or in isolation.
The Magnolia likes cool, deep and rich soils provided they are not calcareous, humid and mild climates. It does not tolerate cold winds and must be sheltered in harsh climates.