With climate change, the seasons seem less marked, even shifted. The impact can be seen in the garden where the vegetables sometimes look bad and are not not as abundant than before. More and more gardeners are select vegetables resistant, which withstand the hot weather as well as the lack of water, and are able to produce a little all the same despite the aridity of the land. Here are fourteen vegetables to cultivate as a priority to harvest despite the scarcity of rains and the restrictions imposed more and more frequently in terms of watering.
The best vegetables in all categories for arid terrain
There is an interesting choice of root vegetables who brave drought well enough. Here are the best examples followed by the period of sowing or planting.
- the tuberous parsley, less sensitive to drought than parsnip, which it can eventually replace, to be sown in March-April under cover,
- the Jerusalem artichoke, from March to April,
- The beetroot, from March to April or from April to June depending on the variety chosen,
- The Chinese truffle or potato Vitelotte : from June to November depending on the species that we select,
- THE’Oca from Peru, an old tuberculous vegetable that readily replaces the potato, to be planted in March or April for a harvest from mid-November until January,
- The Tuberous nasturtium, in May for a planting in the ground,
- THE’Heliantis, from April to June, a former champion vegetable in terms of resistance to lack of water.
- Green peas, to be sown in spring for wrinkled varieties and in autumn for round-grained varieties,
- The lens should be sown in rows or in pockets at the end of spring when frost is no longer to be feared.
A few vegetable seeds tolerate soil aridity and successive droughts better than others.
The lens deserves a special mention because it is a food rich in vegetable proteins, minerals, trace elements, vitamins (especially B1 and B9) and fiber. In other words, the lens is our ally Health. But that’s not all: she costs nothing in water because it is not necessary to water it during a period of drought. Must be cultivated!
Condiments that tolerate drought
Indispensable for flavoring culinary preparations and allowing the body to benefit from their virtues, here are some edible bulbs followed by their planting period, essential in arid terrain.
- THE’onion, in February and March,
- THE’garlic, in mid-spring or early fall,
- THE’shallot, in spring, in autumn and even before the end of winter.
When planting these edible bulbs, care is taken to follow the advice given by professionals according to the varieties selected.
The special case of leafy vegetables that can resist drought
It makes sense that leafy vegetables require frequent watering when rains are scarce and temperatures are high. However, some are doing quite well by showing themselves to be relatively resistant to an after all moderate drought.
- The cabbage such as :
- Sea cabbage, sown from March to May,
- Brussels Sprout, which can be sown as early as April,
- The Chénopode (white, Bon-Henri), to be planted in April-May or in September-October.
- Artichoke, from late March to May.
Despite their moderate resistance to a lack of water, leafy vegetables still have need a minimum of watering in times of severe drought.
Growing these drought-tolerant vegetables cannot yield bountiful harvests only if we take care to water them a little at a time but regularly so as not to waste the water.
If you decide never to water them, it is of course absolutely essential to plant them in soil rich in manure or humus, organic matter which has the particularity of keeping the soil cool because it retains water. Because we must be aware that if they must be planted in arid land, that is to say in a land where it is difficult to cultivate due to its drought, the same yield can only be obtained in an environment where there is sufficient humidity. But it is still worth giving it a try.