We tend to think, wrongly, that all plants need a lot of sunlight to thrive. This is wrong and fortunately, many perennials require shade and this makes it possible to vegetate a garden that does not benefit from either a lot of sunshine or a lot of light, either because it is very wooded, or because it is enclosed between tall buildings. Here is something to embellish your outdoor space with perennials that bloom under shade.
1 – The Astilbe (Astilbe)
It belongs to the family of Saxifragaceae. It is a sumptuous perennial due to the elegance of its decorative foliage arranged in a dense tuft from which emerge all summer long of panicles of vaporous flowers with the appearance of feather duster. Astilbe flowers are subtly scented in addition to being highly colorful (immaculate white, mauve, red, pink, cream, yellow). Depending on the species, the Astilbe measures between 30 and 120 cm in height. Over the years, the tufts become more and more voluminous. You can compose pretty bouquets with Astilbe flowers which hold well in a vase.
This rhizomatous suitable for novice gardeners as it is undemanding, provided it is installed in the shade, in neutral, cool, well-drained soil, rich in humus and that its roots can benefit from constant humidity without being immersed in stagnant water.
2 – The Hellebore d’Orient (Helleborus orientalis) or Christmas Rose
This plant of the family Ranunculaceae is a shade perennial of a beautiful rusticity. It forms a compact tuft. Its evergreen leaves are very indented. Its abundant flowers with golden stamens are available according to the varieties in immaculate white, pink, pastel green, red, white powdered with purple, and flourish down to -15 ° C. It is an essential shade plant to bring color to the garden during the winter since it blooms from December to the end of March, even until April.
Easy to cultivate, the Hellebore likes very humus, fresh soils and semi-shaded to shaded exposures. She is greedy. It is therefore necessary to properly amend the soil when planting, which takes place in autumn. We recommend that you mulch your base so that it can withstand extreme cold even better, even if it is a hardy plant, but also to keep the soil sufficiently moist.
3 – The Japanese Anemone (Anemone hupehensis)
This beautiful perennial plant that blooms in the shade belongs to the family of Ranunculaceae. From September until frost, she amazes us with her pink or virginal white bloom. Its flowers are carried by stems that can reach 1.50 m in height. The beautiful does not go unnoticed. Be careful, it must be handled with gloves because it is toxic.
It is a perennial plant with shade flowers to have absolutely, especially since it is very low maintenance requirement. You just have to install it in the soil she prefers, namely deep, rich in humus, and always wet. A mulch at the foot of the Japanese Anemone is useful so that the soil retains all its freshness. It is recommended to amend the soil every two years with mature compost. We can finally note its beautiful rusticity, since it supports temperatures of the order of -18 to -20 ° C if they do not last too long anyway.
4 – Bergénie (Bergenia)
It is a perennial plant of the family of Saxifragaceae which comes in about ten species. It is sometimes called the Cobbler plant because it was used in the past to tan leather because of its richness in organic compounds with tanning properties. His foliage past from red to bronze in autumn. As for his flowers in abundance, they do wonders in spring.
It is a rhizomatous plant that flowers in the shade but can tolerate a moderately sunny exposure, which is appreciated for its low requirement. She likes it in any type of soil provided it is humus because the richer the soil, the more vibrant the colors of its flowers, but also well drained especially in winter. This perennial shade plant displays good hardiness since it supports without flinching down to -15 ° C. Be careful, its foliage attracts snails. We can spread wood ash at the foot to limit the attacks of gastropods.
5 – Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum)
This perennial plant from the Primulaceae prosperous and blooms in the shade, even in partial shade. He is wanted for the beauty of its foliage which can be plain or marbled depending on the variety, but also for its splendid flowers with 5 petals, the diameter of which varies from 1 to 5 cm. There are many, many hybrids of cyclamen, each one as beautiful as the next. Cyclamen comes in a wide range of colors (pink, white, red, mauve …) and you can enjoy its abundant flowering from October to April.
Cyclamen is a tuberous heather land plant that likes moist, cool soils but hates excess water. It is very easy to make it bloom again year after year. If he is pot grown, it can be repotted approximately every two or three years when it is in vegetative rest, namely in summer.
6 – The Funkia (Hosta)
The Hosta also called Funkia, of which there are many species, belongs to the family of Liliaceae. It has a very beautiful foliage composed of broad leaves, united, variegated, veined or marginalized, which take on different colors in spring. As for its flowers that bloom in summer, they are in the shape of trumpets and gathered in generous clusters sometimes scented. Their color can be crimson, mauve, violet… It is a plant that you should absolutely afford to magnify a shady corner of the garden, even under very dense shade, because the Hosta does not like full sun.
It is ideal to be associated with ferns, in an undergrowth or in a ditch but finds its place perfectly in a shaded massif where several Hosta plants constitute a splendid colorful carpet. It can withstand up to -20 ° C if these extreme colds are short-lived. We appreciate cultivars whose rather tough leaves are not appreciated by slugs.
7 – The Fuchsia (Fuchsia)
Fuchsia belongs to the family of Onagraceae. He likes the shade and blooms from early summer until frost. This shrub plant is absolutely splendid with its multitude of hanging tubular flowers, available in a wide range of colors. The color of the chalice is usually different from that of the petals and this creates an extremely lovely contrast. To enjoy more great profusion of flowers again, it is sufficient to eliminate all those which are withered as they wilt.
Fuchsia poses no difficulty in cultivation. It simply needs to be planted in well-drained, rich and light soil, which can be slightly acidic. If it is installed in garden soil, we can therefore add a little heather soil and a shovelful of sand. Note that the Fuchsia can also be planted in a pot. It is necessary to reserve a place for it in partial shade or in the shade rather than in full sun because it fears it.
If we wish transform your shady garden by installing a large collection of perennials that do not like the sun, do not hesitate to rely on a landscaper. It is very trendy, and we can thus enjoy a magical outdoor space. These specialists in the plant world know all the needs of plants. They therefore have no trouble finding all those that bloom in the shade and have the gift of creating magnificent associations where the colors are in perfect harmony. In addition, by calling on a landscaper, it is possible to benefit under certain conditions from a tax benefit, which is far from negligible. Quotes can be obtained in a few minutes thanks to the landscaper comparator.