A new era for UK-EU relations

The history of relations between the UK and the European Union (EU) entered a new chapter when the post-Brexit trade agreement officially started.

Earlier this week, the ambassadors of 27 EU member states formally endorsed a trade deal with the UK, which is also supported by a majority of UK lawmakers. Photo: AFP

The UK officially left the EU (Brexit) in January 2020 after 47 years with this alliance, when the post-Brexit transition ended at 11 p.m. on December 31 (local time).

The two sides have come a long way since the summer of 2016 after the Brexit referendum resulted in nearly 52% of UK voters voting to leave the EU and the remaining 48% voting to stay. This referendum took place in the context of Europe’s immigration crisis. This result also reflects a deep split in the UK over what is seen as the advantages and disadvantages of joining the EU.

For voters who opposed Brexit, the EU still represented Europe’s triumph of unity, peace and cooperation after the devastation of World War II. EU membership gives British citizens the freedom to live, study, and move in EU member states.

As for Brexit’s supporters, leaving the EU provides an opportunity for Britain to regain power and make big decisions of its own, even influencing its own destiny. The vote to leave the EU ended years of doubts about the direction of the EU, rejoicing European skeptic politicians, mainly from the ruling Conservative Party and the British press.

For Brexit supporters at that time, Brexit was the opportunity to “regain control” (a slogan that was widely used in the Brexit campaign) and also an opportunity for the UK to set out on its own. separate rules compared to Brussels.

However, the British leaving the EU economic and political alliance is a difficult divorce after nearly half a century of sticking. British Prime Minister David Cameron resigned the day after Brexit’s referendum results. After that, Prime Minister Theresa May also resigned in mid-2019 in an effortless effort to urge the British Parliament to pass the Brexit agreement.

Mr. Boris Johnson, who succeeded Theresa May from May 2019, then won majority support in the election at the end of 2019. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has pledged to implement the referendum results. decisively (although this does not determine the future relationship between the UK and the EU in the future) and a post-Brexit trade deal with the EU is reached.

Brexit proponents like Mr. Johnson have pledged to reach a post-Brexit trade deal with ease. And the year 2020 shows the UK’s great effort to reach a trade deal with the EU, while at the same time complying with EU rules and being a member of the EU’s unified market and customs union in the process of the transition to until the end of 2020.

Trade talks between the UK and the EU led by David Frost and Michel Barnier of both sides, have become the current affairs of 2020. The key disagreements between the two sides revolve around three main issues, including These include: ensuring fair competition, how to enforce and administer commercial agreements, and fishing rights.

As the UK-EU trade deal is still a long way from being reached, business leaders in the UK and EU are deeply concerned about possible chaos if either side fails to reach any deal. out. Many rules governing UK-EU trade were removed overnight after negotiations, resulting in a choking trade deal scenario nearing the end of the post-Brexit transition.

But the two sides’ negotiating team reached a trade deal on Christmas Eve, an agreement the British government briefly described as a “no quota agreement, no tariffs”.

Praising the deal, British Prime Minister Johnson said that “debates with European partners are sometimes very fierce but I believe it is a good deal for the whole of Europe”. For his part, the President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen called the agreement “fair” and “balanced”, and affirmed that Europe would continue to work with the UK – “a reliable partner. trust “.

The ambassadors of 27 EU countries officially approved the UK-EU trade agreement on December 30th, while this agreement is also supported by a majority of UK lawmakers. The European Parliament will vote on the deal in January 2020.

Now, the new trade conditions between the UK and the EU have come into effect and the enterprises of both sides understand that there will be disruptions, changes, and additions. papers procedures related to this agreement.

Results of recent polls show that Britons are still divided as to whether Brexit is the right decision or not. According to the BBC, some polls in recent months show that 53% of Britons will vote to stay in the EU and 47% support if they are referendumed.

This raises a blurred and perhaps far-fetched prospect that one day the UK might rejoin the EU. British Prime Minister Johnson said last week Britain will remain “culturally, emotionally, historically, strategically and geographically attached to Europe” and will remain a staunch ally of its neighbors.

The EU trade agreement approved by the British Parliament on December 30 ended four years of instability due to the “divorce” Brexit and the start of a new relationship between the UK and the EU. Prime Minister Johnson said: “The destiny of this great country is now in our hands”.

“11 p.m. December 31 marks a new beginning in the country’s history and a new relationship with the EU as its biggest ally. This moment has finally come for us. and now is the time to grasp it, “British Prime Minister stressed.

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