One of the biggest problems related to the skin is terrible facial blemishes. They appear for several reasons, either by age, sun exposure, or scars from pimples and blackheads, melasma among others. As such, they become a major inconvenience that directly affects women’s self-esteem. Therefore, a highly sought after treatment option is acids for the face.
This is because treatments with acids for the face help to considerably soften these marks on the skin. In addition, acids have been shown to be quite effective in dealing with other skin problems, such as open pores and oiliness. This is because they help renew the skin, consequently eliminating the cells that cause the blemishes.
There are several types of acids for the face, each with a specific purpose. Therefore, it is very important to get to know each one better, to understand which is the most suitable for each type of problem.
Therefore, today we will know more about the acids for the face and its benefits. But, remembering that it is very important to consult a dermatologist before starting to use this type of product.
Acids for the face
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Acids for the face are activities that bring a series of benefits to the skin, the main one being its renewal. So, as the skin layer is renewed naturally every 21 or 28 days, the function of these acids is precisely to accelerate this process.
Therefore, it is common that when applied to the skin, the acid causes a peeling. This means that the skin has undergone a renewal outside its normal cycle. In this way, acids act in the deepest layer of the skin, stimulating the production of collagen and elastin.
But in addition, these assets also promote exfoliation of the skin, which results in the removal of dead cells, which helps to prevent the appearance of blackheads and pimples. All of this contributes to firmer skin and protect against premature aging.
However, despite being very beneficial for the skin, the use of acids for the face requires a follow-up with a dermatologist. Especially because there are several types, and each of them has a purpose. Not to mention that the incorrect use of these substances can end up further aggravating skin problems.
Types of acids
Next, we will learn more about the main acids for the face and their benefits.
Ascorbic acid, also known as vitamin C, is one of the most potent and antioxidant actives. It works by neutralizing free radicals, reinforcing photoprotection, and preventing premature aging. In addition, it helps in lightening the skin, since it evens out the skin’s natural tone and also stimulates collagen production.
Often present in dermo-cosmetic formulas, retinoic acid has no direct lightening action. However, it helps to improve cell renewal, which makes young cells receive adequate oxygenation and reach the skin’s surface nourished. So, combined with other whitening substances, retinoic acid can help eliminate stained cells.
Glycolic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid, with a strong exfoliating action, which in addition to acting on cell renewal also helps in hydrating the skin. Therefore, it can be a great complement in the treatment of skin blemishes, since it helps to reduce the thickness of the skin, facilitating the action of whitening substances. In addition to being one of the acids for the face that contribute most to skin rejuvenation.
In the case of salicylic, we are talking about a beta-hydroxy acid, with highly exfoliating and sebum-regulating properties. In this way, it helps to reduce the thickening of the dermis, prevents contamination by bacteria, and promotes cell renewal. In addition to eliminating excess oil, it contributes to the treatment of acne.
It is a phenolic substance, with high antioxidant and lightening properties. Therefore, when combined with vitamin C and vitamin E, ferulic acid helps to prevent redness after sun exposure, preventing the appearance of wrinkles and smoothing out the natural skin tone.
Dioic acid in turn has a soothing and antibacterial action. In this way, it contributes to the whitening of the skin, improving the appearance of imperfections, especially acne blemishes.
Another acid classified as alpha-hydroxy acid, citric is one of the main components of chemical peels. This because it helps in the renewal of the cells of the dermis, and consequently contributes to its lightening.
LHA is present in several dermo-cosmetic products. This is because the lipophilic derivative of salicylic acid has keratolytic action, which helps to prevent the formation of blackheads, in addition to contributing to the control of skin oils.
Hyaluronic acid is another well-known skincare product, being an essential component for the skin. It helps in moisturizing the skin, improving its appearance, and smoothing expression lines and wrinkles.
Very effective in lightening the skin, it is one of the most effective facial acids for the treatment of blemishes. Being especially effective in the treatment of spots resulting from an inflammatory process.
Kojic acid has an inhibiting action on melanin production, which helps in its clarification and uniformity. Being one of the most suitable acids for the treatment of skin blemishes, besides being very efficient in caring for hyperpigmentation without causing irritation.
Azelaic acid is a great milder whitening option and can even be used by pregnant women. Thus, it helps to improve, control, and clear the melasma, very common during pregnancy. It acts on melanin-producing cells, interrupting their development.
Phytic acid acts very similar to Vitamin C, being a very efficient inhibitor of tyrosinase, which decreases the production of melanin. Therefore, it is one of the safest face acids, in addition to having progressive action.
And finally, trichloroacetic acid, which despite being very effective in treating skin blemishes, is a very aggressive asset. So it is only used in offices that do peels.
Use of acids for the face
Acids for the face can be used in several ways, but always accompanied by a dermatologist’s indication. After all, only a specialized doctor can indicate which is the best acid for you.
But they are commonly used in physical peels, the most superficial type that promotes exfoliation and renews the skin. Thus, acids can be used in isolation or combined with chemical peels. These can be superficial, medium, and deep. This will depend on the recommendation and the purpose of the treatment. In this type of process, the most common acids are retinoic, salicylic, trichloroacetic, and glycolic.
However, these assets are more sought after in dermo-cosmetic products and are easily found in skincare products. Thus, they are much less aggressive than peels, and also help in the treatment of acne blemishes and expression lines.
However, regardless of the form in which they are used, acids for the face tend to sensitize the skin. Therefore, it is essential to use sunscreen after use, in order to protect the skin against solar radiation and prevent the appearance of new spots.
Anyway, what did you think of this article? In fact, take the opportunity to also check what is peeling, what types, and care.