Pig is an animal you like and you plan to adopt one? The pig has a life expectancy of 15 years. In other words, you can’t adopt a pig on a whim! Here are 6 things to know before making your project a reality.
1 – A pig can be educated!
Some people decide to adopt a pig by ignoring its upbringing. Big mistake! Not educating a pig, not teaching it the rules of good behavior, is failing to get closer to your animal. Lack of education is also one of the main causes leading to to abandon the animal, with the fact of not devoting enough time to it. The pig who has no limits or who is bored ends up doing anything, by developing behaviors of destruction and even aggression.
A pig educates itself in a positive way, with gentleness and patience. It is a naturally fearful animal whose trust you must gain. He cannot stand the punishment and even less the beatings.
If you take the step of adopting a pig, be careful to buy a weaned animal. This preserves many behavioral problems that might manifest in adulthood. In pigs, weaning is completed – and the animal is therefore autonomous – at the age of 8 weeks.
2 – Which pig to choose?
It is essential to inform yourself well before the adoption. If, when they are babies, a farm pig does not show any difference in size from a dwarf pig, it is quite different in adulthood. The first can weigh up to 300 kg. When purchasing, you should be careful because the scams are commonplace. However, these deceptions are another important cause of abandonment because life is not the same between that which you project with a pig of comparable weight with a very large dog and a pig weighing more than 3.5 times that weight.
The dwarf breeds are the most sought after to make a pig adoption project a reality. Their smaller size and more reasonable weight suggest that it will be easier to form a relationship. The weight of a dwarf pig is indeed more usual since it oscillates between 40 kg (the equivalent of a Polish greyhound) and 80 kg (the equivalent of a female Mastiff).
But the farm pig supports certain situations that the dwarf pig cannot. The dwarf pig, for example, cannot live outside all year round because it needs a minimum temperature of 20 ° C. In winter, this implies that he lives with you, which is only possible if he takes him out every day several times because it is essential that he can also spend hours outside digging the ground with his nose. . A pig who lived in an apartment, locked up all day, would be doomed to be unhappy. Farm pigs are more resistant and can therefore live outside, provided they provide shelter.
The intelligence is the same as in the farm pig as in the dwarf pig, and it is quite possible to form a bond of affection with a farm pig.
3 – Is it necessary to adopt several pigs?
It’s a fact: pigs are social animals, which can only truly thrive with other individuals of their species.
Ideally, the adoption of a pig will result in the adoption of at least two pigs. It happens that some owners associate their pig with another compatible animal such as goat or sheep. However, if you are passionate about taking care of a pig, you will not be satisfied with this alternative.
Of course, this means more available space: outdoors, a pet farm pig needs 400 to 500 square meters. If you have a large enough area, know that having several certainly increases expenses, but simplifies the management of animals. Two pigs living together are less bored: they will need you less and get sick less. Blossoming, they will not develop aggressiveness. And two pigs are also proving easier to train.
4 – The main costs related to the pig
Here is the list of the main costs you will need to cover to take care of your pig:
- Castration or sterilization costs,
- Current veterinary costs: dwarf pigs and the like (Vietnamese, mini-pigs, micro-pigs) require specific care. Generally speaking, the pig is a fragile animal whose health can decline rapidly. An annual health check-up is therefore essential.
- Expenses for the realization of the electric fence,
- Expenses for the realization of the shelter of the pigs,
- Food costs.
5 – Pig feeding
A pig, whether dwarf or farmer, eats as long as there is food available. It is therefore important to control his diet, not to give him anything, in order to control his weight and prevent him from obesity which would promote health problems and threaten his longevity.
Leftover meals are to be banned, as are dog food which is toxic to pigs, salt and chocolate, which are just as toxic, as well as sugar and any sugary food.
Omnivorous as it is, a pig feeds quite specific. The term “omnivorous” simply means that, like us humans, the pig assimilates protein, whether of plant or animal origin. What you have to be vigilant about when feeding a pig is the intake of each of the 10 essential amino acids, in order to avoid any nutritional deficiency.
Positive education involves setting up a reward system. The treats that are then given to the pig, when it has acted or reacted well, consist of bits of cucumber, zucchini or apple.
6 – Legal obligations
It is the rural code which governs the keeping of pigs. Even if you only have one, you are defined as a “pig keeper”.
By declaring your pig (s), and this even if you have chosen a dwarf pig that shares your home, you must make a declaration to your Departmental Directorate for the Protection of Populations (DDPP), after which you will be assigned a number of livestock.
You are also obliged to have your animals tested in order to detect diseases, the list of which may vary according to the departments and to identify by a loop placed on one ear.