You are in love with a particular breed cat and look for a feline breeding. Try not to give in to crushes and tempting prices because choosing a kitten requires time and vigilance. What precautions should be taken before adoption? What are the advantages and disadvantages a purchase from a breeder? Our responses.
Adopting a cat from a breeder: precautions to take
If you have decided to adopt a cat from a kennel, you will need to check some criteria. Our recommendations in your efforts:
Find a serious and passionate breeder
Word of mouth remains the best advertisement for a breeder with good reputation. Find out about your surroundings, look at opinions on the internet, in forums, on social networks, and ask veterinarians. Before leaving its place of birth, a kitten must be well socialized and for this, not be separated too soon from its mother. Early weaning is not allowed because it has consequences as much on the health of the kitten as on its behavior. A breeder concerned about the well-being of his animals will entrust the young feline after his 12the week of life (ideally 14) and only to a home that seems suitable to him.
Check compliance with French legislation on breeding.
From one litter per year, any cat breeder is considered professional and must as such:
- Have a SIREN number and indicate it in any sales advertisement;
- Have a structure that complies with health and animal protection standards provided for by the Ministry of Agriculture, Agri-food and Forestry;
- Identify the animal by tattoo or chip;
- Present the vaccination record of the mother and her kittens;
- Establish a certificate of sale specifying the data relating to the identity of the cat, its breed, the sale price as well as the contact details of the buyer and seller.
Evaluate the environment of cats
An experienced breeder is generally proud to show the environment in which his animals operate. When you visit its premises, pay special attention to thehygiene (bowls, litter boxes, general cleanliness), to the space granted to felines and to the fittings: beds, outdoor and indoor shelters, cat trees, toys. If cats are housed in a box or any other isolated place, they risk being poorly socialized. Favor a structure where the animals benefit from regular contact with their human family;
Take a close look at the kitten
When you visit the cattery, take your time to look carefully:
The physical aspect of the kitten
He must have a shiny and soft coat. His nose, eyes and ears are clean, not glued or crusted.
The behavior of the little feline
He must reflect a curious, playful and active temperament. If he’s scared or listless, be careful. The breeder must be able to inform you about the character of the members of the litter: bold, shy, affectionate …
The mother must live with the breeder in order to have also benefited from good socialization. Observe her character: is she fearful? Agressive ? Does she allow herself to be approached easily? Study the way she behaves with her young because it is largely from her that the kitten inherits its character, both through genetics and education.
Make sure of the cat breed
If you wish to acquire a purebred feline, the breeder must present you with the appropriate documents, such as the pedigree. This genealogical record provides information on parents, grandparents and certifies that all reproductive requirements are met. To be considered “purebred”, a cat is necessarily registered in the Official Book of Feline Origins (LOOF), just like its parents who have been the subject of a negative test for hereditary diseases.
Adopting a cat from a breeding farm: the advantages
As seen previously, by choosing a kitten born from a competent breeder, you are assured:
- To acquire a purebred cat registered with LOOF, thus guaranteeing you a perfect traceability;
- To know theenvironment in which the animal was born and lived its first months;
- To meet the kitten before welcoming it to your home. Thanks to a first contact, you could see if it was clean, well maintained and sociable;
- To benefit from a monitoring. A qualified breeder accompanies you in your adoption. It answers your questions and your uncertainties. He is happy to help and advise you, even after adoption.
Adopting a cat from a breeder: the disadvantages
Among the aspects that can slow down the purchase of a feline in a breeding, we can mention:
A purebred cat can be very expensive because the investment made by breeders is significant. Their costs include the purchase of breeding animals, genetic tests, LOOF registration, visits to the veterinarian (identifications, vaccines, dewormers, antiparasitics, etc.), examinations (cardiac and renal ultrasounds), quality food, litter, etc…;
A breeder certifying that the breed does not suffer from any hereditary disease should be avoided because either he does not know the breed well or he is looking to sell you a cat at all costs. The animals are reproduced to guarantee specific criteria for the breeds, so it happens that some felines inherit genetic defects even within very serious breedings. For example, the Maine Coon is known to be a carrier of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It is wise to ask the manager of the structure for all test results genetics, guarantees of its professionalism;
While many breeders are honest, others less scrupulous practice animal trafficking or cheat on the origins of cats. If an individual cannot show you the mother of a litter on the grounds that she died giving birth, it is often a fraud. The most popular way to buy a kitten is to use classified ads, but a breeder with a solid reputation generally does not need to advertise himself on these well-known websites. Not only is it referenced on breed clubs but in addition, he gladly answered all your questions by telephone and received you at his premises. A good professional wants the best family for his reach and reserves the right to refuse an adoption if the promised living conditions do not seem suitable for the kitten.