Unlike a kitten who will have known only his mother and who has everything to learn, an adult cat has a lived which must be taken into account when preparing for his arrival. Explanations and advice.
Adopting an adult cat: advantages
Attracted by their crisp little face, many adopters turn to a kitten or a young cat. However, adopting an adult has the advantage of being more restful because the feline shows itself less turbulent and his daily life is already punctuated by phases of rest, meals and play. His character is forged, so that you will immediately know if he is calm, active, cuddly, fearful … The only possible drawback is his past (mistreated, lost?) that you don’t always know and who can make adaptation longer than that of a kitten. But saving an adult is a source of unparalleled happiness.
Choosing an adult cat in a shelter
It is a great initiative to want to offer a second chance to an adult cat. When you visit the cattery, trust your instinct and if your attention is drawn to a resident, see how he reacts: does he approach you easily? Does he let himself be caressed? His behavior gives clues to his character. To confirm your choice, ask the shelter staff who will tell you if the animal can adapt to your lifestyle: presence of young children, a garden, a fellow creature … Depending on the causes of theabandonment (moving, death of the owner…), you will be able to obtain information on his antecedents (age, health, understanding, habits)… By combining your desires with the advice of the staff, you will meet the animal which will correspond to you.
Preparing for the arrival of an adult cat
To promote acclimatization of the hairball, it will be necessary to offer it a space conducive to its well-being. The cat is indeed an animal territorial whose domain is generally divided into four zones with distinct functions:
- The game. The choice of living room – where the family often meets – is ideal for installing their toys: balls, mice, scratching posts, cat tree, corks or other pieces of string;
- Meals. Provide bowls for fresh water and food, which will be easy to clean. To be placed on the kitchen floor or at a height accessible to the animal;
- Natural needs. A regularly cleaned litter box should be placed in a quiet place (away from traffic and noise) and well ventilated, such as a balcony or bathroom;
- The sleep. Even if the cats sleep where they want, choose a strategic and cozy place (near a radiator for example), without passage or draft to arrange its basket.
Provide other basic accessories
Along with the equipment listed above, you will need additional accessories such as:
- A checkout transportation for travel;
- Of toys for the development of their physical and mental capacities;
- Of the litter and a shovel;
- A blanket to protect your sofa or bed from its hair;
- Products forhygiene (nail clippers, brushes or grooming glove, shampoos);
- Possibly pheromones soothing or essential oil blends that will facilitate its adaptation to its new home.
Let the adult cat acclimatize
When you get home, open the transport cage and let the cat roam naturally, at his own pace. Respect his behavior and do not force him to anything, he will come out when he feels ready. Gradually he will begin to take his brands exploring every corner. In a soft voice, point out areas which are reserved for him: basket, litter, bowls, toys… When he has discovered his territory, let him come to you. Do not hesitate to stroke it. If the fear, let it hide in the place of its choice, it will eventually extract itself to eat or go in its litter box. Be patient, play with him when he wants to and let him sleep as he wants. If you have a garden, do not give him access. When he gets used to the inside (allow a month), you can allow him outside. For the food, check with the refuge to plan a transition progressive with the diet you have chosen.
Introduce the new cat to a fellow creature
If you already have a cat, it will naturally have the status of chief and may consider the newcomer as a threat (for its resources: food, hugs, games …). Don’t panic if they scold, spit, or paw each other. Try to intervene on less possible and don’t take the side of the second cat. If the relationship really turns sour, it is best toisolate the last arriving in a room of the house by surrounding it with all its accessories (bowls, games, basket, litter). The two felines will thus be able to get to know each other in a olfactory through the door. When you feel them ready to meet, put them in touch. Cohabitation can take days or even weeks to normalize. If they don’t play together, it doesn’t matter, the important thing is that they agree to live under the same roof, even with the greatest indifference.