Aloe Vera: planting, maintenance, watering and repotting


Aloe Vera is a succulent plant from the family of Aloeaceae that we also call Barbados Aloe. Easy to grow, this plant used since Antiquity for its thousand medicinal and cosmetic virtues, must however be installed in pots in regions with harsh winters because it is a chilly one that does not support frost. Let’s see how to plant Aloe Vera, what are its needs, how often to water it and when to repot the plants grown in a tank.

Plant Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera likes very bright exhibitions. Only in our Mediterranean regions, it is possible to install this succulent in the garden, sheltered from the prevailing winds, in poor soil, mixed for example with pebbles so that it is well draining. Everywhere else we cultivate Aloe Vera as a indoor plant.

At home, avoid exposing it too close to a bay window facing due south because the direct rays of the sun can burn its leaves. On the other hand, it needs a maximum of light. As for his favorite temperatures, they should be between 18 and 22 ° C throughout the year. On the substrate side, potted Aloe Vera is planted in a well-draining soil, such as soil for cacti.

Maintain Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is a plant that is suitable for all plant-loving people, even those who don’t have a green thumb. Easy to grow, this succulent does not have big needs.

Fertilization

At most, one can add special fertilizer for succulents if the substrate is old. But in this case, do not delay in repotting.

Take out the Aloe Vera

This succulent enjoys power spend the summer outside where it also supports heat very well. From the beginning of June until September, it can therefore be installed in the garden or on the terrace, in the light but sheltered from full sun. However, you have to think about enter the Aloe Vera in a jar from the slightest refreshment, especially during the nocturnal periods of the end of summer.

Obviously, it is preferable that it does not undergo the gel because this one quickly bursts the cells of its leaves gorged with juice.

Parasites and diseases

The mealybugs can attack Aloe Vera, especially if the animals are raised indoors. As soon as we see mealybugs on the leaves, it is necessary to pass a cotton ball soaked in beer or methylated spirits to eradicate them. On the other hand, this succulent is not very sensitive to diseases as long as it is not confronted with excess water.

Water the Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is a xerophilic plant. This means that she is able to survive in an extremely water-poor environment. Native to arid environments, this succulent stores water in its leaves. It can therefore be grown without difficulty where it is very hot and dry.

However, when growing in pots and indoors, you must always water it. very moderately because excess water causes rapid rotting of the plant. To do this, it is necessary to wait until the surface of the substrate begins to dry. Of course, we don’t wait for the leaves to wilt… which happens if the substrate is completely dry.

Ideally, in order not to stress the aloe, it is watered with rainwater at room temperature. The specimens that are brought out in summer take advantage of the few good summer rains which can only do them good.

Watering should be reduced during the period of vegetative rest, that is to say in autumn and be even rarer in winter to resume, always moderately, at the return of spring.

Repot Aloe Vera

It is strongly recommended to repot Aloe Vera every 2 or 3 years, that is to say as the plant grows, which should not be too cramped in its container. But this is not a reason to install it in a pot that is too large since it tends to promote the risk of rot during the winter.

One must use a terracotta pot or container with a pierced bottom. We first lay a layer of medium gravel or pozzolana so that the drainage be perfect. As for the recommended substrate, it is composed as follows:

  • A third of good loam,
  • A third of fairly coarse river sand,
  • One third of organic matter, that is to say potting soil leaves perfectly decomposed.

One or two handfuls of small pozzolana can be added to the substrate to ensure drainage. Finally, putting a few cubes of charcoal in the pot is a good tip to avoid fungal diseases. The substrate must be sufficiently packed around the Aloe Vera plant and water very lightly just after repotting.

If Aloe Vera thrives in its environment, we should take advantage of its flowering in winter or spring. This succulent produces orange, yellow or red flowers, grouped in spikes along a long stalk. It is, however, easier to flower this plant if it is grown outdoors, in the heat.