As its name suggests, this warm-blooded saddle horse is the result of a cross between a Purebred English and one Arab. Heading to the region of South West to meet an equine that has become known through French lines.
Origins of Anglo-Arab
Native to the southwest of France, the Anglo-Arab is a breed resulting from the cross between the English Thoroughbred who bequeathed him his beauty, his lightness and endurance and the Arabian Thoroughbred he inherited speed, size and power. Its birth is linked to the policy led by the administration of French stud farms during the XIXe century. It was under the direction of Raoul de Bonneval, then of Antonin Laurent Chébrou de Lespinats and Eugène Gayot, that the breed was created and took off. Originally designed for a purpose military, the equine was then oriented towards racing then towards luxury and sport. His Stud-Book dates from 1833.
The selection has considerably changed the Anglo-Arab both in terms of its morphology and its character. Today, the animal has a body harmonious : short back, long horizontal croup and tail set high. Its small and slender head has a generally straight but may be slightly concave. Its muscular and arched neckline is extended by a protruding withers. His wide chest and deep chest sit alongside strong, sloping shoulders. Its limbs are at the same time long, thin, lean and robust. Originally the horse was slightly larger than the Arabian, but his size tended to increase, and the subjects of 1.66 m at the withers are numerous. Its weight varies between 450 kg and 550 kg. Her main coats include Alezan, Bay, Brown Bay and Gray, but all colors are allowed. Black is rare but white marks are quite common and not limited in size.
The qualities of the Anglo-Arab
Anglo-Arab brings together physical and mental assets that make it a great partner for all riders, amateurs or professionals, endowed with tact and a fine hand. Nervous but loyal and sincere, he displays high performance and generosity at work. The Anglo-Arab has a brilliant locomotion marked by a distinguished gallop and exceptional handling qualities. His gaits are flexible, extended and balanced. His harmonious body and his strong personality give the horse a much appreciated charm.
Uses of Anglo-Arabic
Horse sport par excellence, the Anglo-Arab is endowed with aptitudes helping him to reach the highest level in the main equestrian disciplines. This athlete is thus widely used in complete competition (CCE) where its speed, endurance and responsiveness work wonders. His qualities as a jumper and galloper also allow him to shine in Jumping (CSO). His skill makes him an admirable saddle horse for outdoor or leisure riding. There is also an Anglo-Arab production for the race (gallop and obstacles) whose events, mainly organized in the southwest of France, see the best competitors of the breed compete.
Prisme is a well-known progenitor for having given birth to 58 stallions of the race. Among the best breeders, we can also mention Zeus, born in 1972, a true breed leader who notably enriched the stud-books of KWPN, Oldenbourg, Hanover and Westphalian. Likewise, Inschallah ex Josselin, born in 1968, has long been at the top of the list for the production of dressage horses in Germany. On a plan athletic, many Anglo-Arabs have distinguished themselves in international competitions such as Ali Baba, Olympic show jumping champion in 1952 with Pierre Jonquères d’Oriola. Flambeau C also participated in the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul with Frédéric Cottier where he won the bronze medal as a team. Without forgetting Twist the Beige, European champion in suit with under the saddle of Jean-Lou Bigot.
If the breeding areas traditional are located in Aquitaine, Midi-Pyrénées and Limousin, Anglo-Arabes production now extends over a large part of French territory, particularly in Normandy, Poitou-Charentes, Nord-Pas-de-Calais and in Corsica. Being the subject of a internationalization from its breeding since 2012, the Anglo-Arab is produced in other countries such as Spain, Switzerland, Poland and Morocco. Created in 1833, the Anglo-Arab Stud-Book distinguishes several types of horses according to the percentage of Arab blood they contain:
- Anglo-Arabs (AA), with a minimum of 25% Arab blood;
- Anglo-Arabs of complement (AC), with 12.5 to 25% of Arab blood;
- Anglo-Arab crosses (AACR);
- The Anglo-Arab Half-Bloods (DSAA).
The last two categories are considered as AQPS (Other Than Thoroughbred) and are therefore not included in the Stud-Book of the breed.