After the 37th ASEAN Summit ended, on November 20, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Vietnam officially released the 37 ASEAN Summit.
The ASEAN Senior Chairman’s statement clearly stated that the ASEAN Leaders committed to continue their efforts to maintain the momentum of ASEAN Community building, ensuring the full and effective implementation of the ASEAN Community Vision 2025; highly appreciates efforts to implement the priorities set out in 2020, to concretize the theme of “Coherence and Proactively adapt” and to realize the “Declaration of the ASEAN Leaders’ Vision on a Community. ASEAN Cohesion and Adaptation Proactively: Overcoming Challenges and Sustaining Growth ”.
The Leaders affirmed their commitment to strengthening solidarity and unity, maintaining ASEAN’s central role in an open, transparent, tolerant, rules-based regional architecture, contributing to peace and peace. security and stability of the area; strengthening economic linkages, regional connectivity, enhancing ASEAN identity and efficiency of ASEAN apparatus and organization, enhancing resilience and capacity to adapt to rapid changes in regional situations and global.
The Leaders highly appreciated ASEAN’s efforts to implement on schedule and priority roadmap such as: (i) Mid-term review of the ASEAN Community Building Master Plan 2025 and the Final Plan. connecting ASEAN (MPAC) 2025; (ii) Evaluation of the implementation of the ASEAN Charter; (iii) develop the Plan phase IV (2021-2025) of the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI); (iv) issue an ASEAN Leadership Statement on the ASEAN Community Vision after 2025; (v) promote ASEAN’s role in aligning sub-regional cooperation with ASEAN’s shared strategies; and (vi) promote gender equality and empower women …
The Leaders noted the complex, rapid strategic changes of the regional and international situation, the emergence of nontraditional security problems and the unprecedented challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. cause, at the same time, a strong commitment to strengthening collective efforts to effectively respond to emerging challenges, address threats from COVID-19 and promote inclusive and sustainable recovery. firmly, through the implementation of practical initiatives such as: (i) ASEAN Fund to Respond to COVID-19; (ii) ASEAN regional medical supplies reserve in response to public health emergencies; (iii) ASEAN Strategic Framework for Responding to Public Health Emergencies; (iv) ASEAN Overall Restoration Framework and Implementation Plan. The Leaders also agreed to consider the establishment of the ASEAN Travel Corridor and initiate the process of establishing the ASEAN Center for Responding to Public Health Emergencies and Emerging Diseases.
|Transfer of ASEAN Chairmanship 2021 to Brunei|
About Politics – Security, The Leaders reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining Southeast Asia as a region of peace, security, neutrality and stability as well as promoting the values of peace in the region in accordance with international law; peaceful settlement of disputes, including full respect for legal and diplomatic processes, not threatening or using force, in accordance with widely recognized principles of international law, including includes the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982; uphold the importance of maintaining an open, transparent, rules-based and inclusive regional architecture with ASEAN as central; affirms the important role of the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC), the Treaty of Southeast Asia without nuclear weapons (SEANFWZ), the role of the ASEAN Perspective Document on the Indian Ocean -The Pacific (AOIP) in the direction of ASEAN cooperation in the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean region; continue to focus collaborative efforts to improve capacity to handle non-traditional security challenges, including terrorism, transnational crime, cybersecurity, maritime cooperation, diplomatic and defense cooperation, increase preventive diplomacy …
About Economy, Despite affirming fears of an unprecedented recession in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Leaders affirmed that ASEAN maintains strong macroeconomic foundations and commitment to reduced cooperation. minimizing the economic impacts from COVID-19, keeping the market open and continuing to build the region’s overall resilience and competitiveness towards a rapid recovery in 2021; highly appreciate that ASEAN has achieved encouraging results in the implementation of the 13 priority economic goals in the five ASEAN Chairmen of Vietnam according to the three directions of promoting the strategy: (i) Promoting integration and connectivity. economy within ASEAN; (ii) Strengthen ASEAN’s engagement with the global community for peace and sustainable development; and (iii) Enhancing ASEAN’s institutional and resilience. Accordingly, ASEAN continues to promote cooperation in the digitization of ASEAN, adapt to the Industrial Revolution 4.0, strengthen connectivity, maintain supply chains, especially in the context of post-COVID-19 recovery, and facilitate trade, services, investment, subregional development, inclusive, sustainable economic development, and in particular have succeeded in promoting the signing of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) on the occasion of the Conference 37th ASEAN Summit.
About Sociocultural: The Leaders affirmed to continue promoting people-oriented cooperation and ensuring social security for the people, especially upholding COVID-19’s remedial efforts, promoting recovery, in which Prioritize disadvantaged groups such as supporting people with disabilities, protecting children, promoting gender equality, migrant workers and population aging in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. At the same time, ASEAN continues to promote efforts to: (i) sustainable development through the implementation of the Roadmap for the Mutual Implementation of the ASEAN Vision 2025 and the United Nations Agenda 2030 on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). ), ASEAN Center for Research and Dialogue for Sustainable Development; strengthening medical cooperation in response to COVID-19; (ii) Strengthen labor and employment cooperation with the Declaration and adoption of the Roadmap for Human Resource Development in a Changing World of Work, the ASEAN Guide to Gender Equality in Policies on Labor and Employment; (iii) issue a Declaration on Strengthening Social Work, the ASEAN Roadmap on eliminating all forms of the worst form of child labor; (iv) Continue disaster prevention and disaster risk reduction efforts, including work being done to establish a suitable platform for community members to contribute to the efforts of the ASEAN disaster response forces, which include the ASEAN Disaster Management and Emergency Response Fund (ADMER); (v) promote ASEAN identity, culture, sense of Community, bring people and businesses into the Community building process, through the ASEAN Identity Narrative, encourage ASEAN to increase its presence of the ASEAN flag at offices and use of ASEAN shifts at official ASEAN events.
About foreign regulations, The leaders of ASEAN countries welcomed partners to continue affirming their respect for ASEAN’s central role in an open, transparent, inclusive and rules-based regional structure, offering many specific commitments to support ASEAN. Community building, disease response and pandemic recovery, including a specific financial commitment to the ASEAN Fund on COVID-19 response, expected to contribute to the Regional Medical Material Reserve ASEAN Center for Responding to Emerging Public Health and Disease Emergencies, and Implementing the ASEAN Comprehensive Recovery Framework. ASEAN recognizes the growing interest of regional organizations and countries outside the region in promoting stronger cooperation with ASEAN, including through proposals to establish partnerships. formally with ASEAN and continue to consider ASEAN’s criteria and comprehensive approach to external relations. ASEAN officially recognizes France and Italy as ASEAN development partners, noting the case of the UK, and adopting the next five-year Action Plans (2021-2025) with a number of Partners. Previously, ASEAN also agreed to expand the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) for Cuba, Colombia and South Africa to join, bringing the total number of members to 43.
About Regional and international issues: The Leaders pledged to continue to promote cooperation for peace, security and stability in the region, in the context of a complex and volatile strategic environment, affirming that ASEAN continues to show its proactive role. more central, resilient and adaptive.
The Leaders emphasized the importance of peace, stability, security, safety and freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea to the region; expressed concern over developments, including embellishment, activities and serious incidents that have undermined confidence, increased tensions, harmed regional peace, security, and stability; stressed the need to comply with international laws, including UNCLOS 1982, self-restraint, not militarization, without activities that complicate the situation or increase disputes; to settle disputes by peaceful means, in accordance with international law, including UNCLOS 1982. The Leaders welcomed cooperation efforts between ASEAN and China, and efforts to negotiate the COC within the COVID-19 context; stressing the need to create a favorable environment for COC negotiation, the importance of confidence-building and prevention measures, and the importance of practical cooperation for mutual benefit; emphasizing the need to fully and effectively implement the DOC, towards achieving a substantive, effective and consistent COC in accordance with international law, including UNCLOS 1982; affirmed that UNCLOS 1982 is the only basis for defining the rights to be enjoyed at sea, sovereign rights, jurisdiction and legitimate interests at sea, and UNCLOS 1982 is the only legal basis that all activities at sea must follow.
The Leaders agreed to continue supporting ASEAN to play a larger and clearer role in assisting Myanmar in enhancing humanitarian assistance, accelerating the repatriation process and sustainable development in the state of Israel. ; appreciated the contributions of ASEAN member countries and a number of partners in supporting ASEAN activities, including priority projects in the Rakhine State, facilitating the repatriation process and promoting sustainable and comprehensive development; reaffirming will continue to support Myanmar’s efforts to bring peace, stability, maintain the rule of law, promote harmony and reconciliation among different communities, and ensuring fair and sustainable development in the State of Israel.
The Leaders emphasized the importance of continuing peaceful dialogue among all stakeholders in order to realize lasting peace and stability in the non-nuclear Korean Peninsula; urges all concerned parties to resume peaceful dialogue and continue cooperation towards lasting peace and stability in the non-nuclear Korean Peninsula, including through full and prompt implementation of the Declaration Panmunjom, the Joint Declaration of Pyongyang and the Joint Statement of the Leaders of the United States and Korea; reaffirms its commitment to fully implementing all relevant Resolutions of the United Nations Security Council and recognizes international efforts to fully, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization Korean peninsula; reaffirmed its readiness to play a constructive role, including through the use of ASEAN-led mechanisms such as the ARF, to foster an atmosphere conducive to peaceful dialogue among stakeholders.
The Leaders reaffirmed the need for a comprehensive, just and sustainable solution to the conflict between Israel and Palestine to achieve peace and stability in the Middle East; urges the parties to take active steps to give momentum to the negotiations and to resume negotiations together to achieve lasting peace; support the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people of an independent Palestinian State with the realization of a two-state solution, Palestine and Israel, to live together in peace and security on the basis of borders before 1967, with the capital city East Jerusalem.