Hamsters are not very tender animals to each other: solitary, they do not differentiate between a baby or an adult and have only one rule, to protect their territory at all costs. Also to take care of a baby hamster, there are things to know. Here are our tips to make sure everything goes smoothly.
Hamster reproduction should be reserved for specialists
We do not recommend that non-professionals breed hamsters. There are rules to know for successful matings. For example, two hamsters of different colors should not be reproduced between them, nor a brother with one of his sisters. You should also be certain of the purity of the hamster lineage you wish to involve in breeding. A professional will also know how to limit the number of litters of a female which can run out and die if there are too many.
When it comes to breeding animals like the hamster, the selection of which by humans has led to the creation of specific breeds, breeding is really not a game. It is, on the contrary, a business ofbreeders. They know perfectly the breeds, but also the origins and the antecedents of their hamsters.
Allowing hamsters to mate that are not expected to mate risks giving birth to non-viable or poorly trained young. It is moreover this kind of situation which can lead a female to eat her own young. Indeed, it happens when the female understands that some babies are stillborn or that they have defects that compromise their future life.
How long does the baby hamster addiction last?
Baby hamsters are born naked, blind and deaf. Their skin is a deep pink, hairless, and their limbs are not fully developed.
Their eyes open around the 10th day. However, travel is still compromised. If the little ones try to stand up, it is a question of training the muscles which will gradually strengthen. They also have to learn balance. This finally happens quite quickly because the first exits from the nest occur towards the 14th day. They then begin to play among staff members. On the 21st day, they are autonomous.
How to take care of baby hamsters?
Animal birth is a matter of privacy. Giving birth is a natural thing that does not require human intervention. The human presence during the birth of the young is even to be avoided because it can trigger such strong stress in the mother that she will not hesitate to eat her young. It is a protective reflex, counterproductive, especially since it will do so, even if they are in good health.
A baby hamster is no longer than 2 cm at birth. You can imagine how fragile the little animal can be. Babies should therefore not be touched, nor even the nest, until the 14th day. In addition, this would risk impregnating the young with a foreign smell and destabilizing the mother who would no longer recognize them and could, in this situation also, eat them.
Perhaps the most important is to take care of the mother who is tired of giving birth. You will help her replenish herself by enriching her diet with protein throughout the duration of breastfeeding. You can also place handkerchiefs and some hay in the cage to fill the nest.
When it comes to babies, the best thing you can do in the end is do nothing, just look kindly on the little family, and quietly watch them grow up. If you notice an abnormality, such as a lifeless body, then use a cleaned spoon so that you do not touch anything in the cage, to touch it or to extract it.
For 3 weeks, the mother cleans and feeds her babies properly. Development is ultimately rapid. Babies begin to eat solid foods brought by their mothers around day 8. 2 days later, they begin to groom themselves.
On the 14th day, you can finally touch the babies, in order to accustom them to the presence of man. Stay cautious and handle them only for short periods of time, 4-5 times 2-3 minutes the first three days, then a few more minutes, until you reach 5-minute streaks on day 21.
When can baby hamsters be separated from a litter?
The number of pups per litter varies according to the hamster breed: in Syrian hamsters, a litter usually has between 5 to 11 babies, in Chinese, Russian and Campbell hamsters, between 4 and 6 babies, and in Roborovski hamsters, around 6. babies.
Babies should be born between the 22nd and 26th day. separated from mother and placed in a separate cage. Either way, she’s starting to get mad at them. They are quite adoptable from that point on. We must then think of feeding them as much as adults.
It is the 30th day that the babies of the litter must be separated by sex, without putting them with adults, because they are not big enough to defend themselves. Subsequently, as hamsters do not support cohabitation, it is necessary to isolate them as soon as you observe the first clashes. You can quickly find yourself in a difficult situation to manage, invaded by small hamsters and having to buy many cages. It is therefore advisable to seek adopters without delay.
To determine if the cub is a male or a female, you need to assess the distance between the anus and the genitalia. You can make comparisons between staff members. If the distance is short, it means that it is a male.
If you find the task too difficult or awkward, a veterinarian will help you. These animal specialists can do this for free, but even if they ask you for a contribution for the time spent, it’s important to be set and get it right or else you could get a new litter three weeks later.