The vast majority of owners of an electric vehicle choose to equip their home or their private parking space for those who live in an apartment building with a charging station. It is true that this is the most comfortable solution to charge your vehicle quietly at home.
However, this charging system is nevertheless quite expensive. And, problem, it is not always possible to be equipped with a charging station depending in particular on the configuration of your home or if you do not have your own parking space. Fortunately, there are solutions to do without a charging station for your electric car.
Recharge your electric car at home without a charging station
The charging station is the most comfortable solution, and also the one that guarantees maximum safety, to charge your electric car in peace. Available in several powers, it is true that the charging stations, or wallboxes, adapt to all types of electric vehicles, ensure fast charging times, and are easy to install. In addition, having a charging station for personal use at home or in a private parking space allows you to benefit from public aid to finance your purchase and installation.
Despite everything, having a charging station represents a significant cost to purchase, all the more so if its power is high, and for its installation which, for most of them, must be carried out by a certified professional.
So, what to do when you cannot or do not want to invest in a charging station? Fortunately, there are solutions other than these home charging stations to be able to comfortably charge your electric car at home.
Use a household electrical outlet
It is possible, for example, to use a simple electrical outlet in the house. All the manufacturers of electric vehicles, in fact, provide an adapter cable which allows the car to be connected to the electrical network of the house via an electrical outlet.
One of the drawbacks of this solution, however, is the weakness of the electric power delivered which does not allow the electric car to be recharged quickly, in principle it takes more than 10 hours. On the other hand, using a household outlet to charge your electric vehicle is not completely without risks from a safety point of view. Doing without a charging station at home and using a household outlet should remain occasional.
Use a reinforced electrical outlet such as Green’Up
If plugging your electric vehicle into a simple household outlet makes it possible to dispense with the acquisition and installation of a charging station at home, as we have seen, this is not a question of high performance solution.
In order to save recharging time, but also to guarantee better safety, it is preferable, if you do not wish to equip yourself with a charging station, to use a so-called “reinforced” electrical outlet as per example the Green’Up plug.
This is an electrical outlet which has the advantage of increasing the power required for recharging an electric car up to 3.2 kW (in single-phase alternating current under 14 amperes maximum), when a simple plug domestic delivers a power of only 2.3 kW. Thus, if the recharging time is still slower than with the use of a charging station, it is about twice as fast as with a domestic socket.
A reinforced socket is very easy to install on a house wall, the only constraint being that it must be fixed at 80 cm from the ground. Then, all you have to do is connect the charging cable with which it is supplied to the battery of the electric vehicle.
On the other hand, the materials that make up a reinforced electrical outlet guarantee to be less exposed to the risk of overheating of the electrical circuit.
Use public charging areas to charge your electric car
Solutions therefore exist to do without a charging station for your electric car at home. For those who do not wish to charge their vehicle at all costs at home, it is possible to use the charging areas accessible to the general public.
These may be charging stations installed, for example, in the public domain by local authorities, charging points made available in service stations, public car parks, those of large shopping centers, places of culture. or leisure, on motorway rest areas, or on business parking spaces.
These types of charging stations, still infrequent a few years ago, are being deployed more and more in the public domain today, given the growing enthusiasm of the French for electric vehicles. More than 30,000 charging points open to all are thus available in France according to the educational information site je-roule-en-électrique.fr published by the national association for the development of electric mobility (Avere-France) in cooperation in particular with the Ministry of Ecological Transition.
Local authorities in particular even have a role defined by law (article L2224-37 of the General Code of Local Authorities) in the creation and maintenance of charging infrastructure. This is why the majority of them meet the needs of electric car owners by installing more and more charging stations accessible to the public, but also to anticipate future developments in electric mobility.
For example, as indicated on the je-roule-en-Électrique.fr site, certain municipalities “ have deployed charging stations in the street to allow drivers who do not have a garage or a dedicated parking space to charge their electric vehicle. Note that many charging networks also offer “night” packages at advantageous rates allowing residents to plug in their car in the evening to leave with a full battery the next day. “. Other communities also offer their inhabitants who own an electric vehicle to install a charging station near their home on demand.
Finally, to do without the installation of a charging station at your home or in your condominium, owners of an electric car also have the possibility of recharging their vehicle while they are working if their employer has installed such charging points in the parking lot of their company.