Common cold is one of the most dreaded diseases affecting felines. Particularly virulent, it generally affects unvaccinated adult cats, kittens and stray cats. What are the causes of this disease? What are the symptoms ? How to treat her?
Description of the disease
Its genetic variability is the greatest peculiarity of coryza. This disease arises not from a virus, but from several strains. Hence the great difficulty of treating it, because even the preventive vaccine does not make it possible to fight against all these viruses, but against only a few of them. Among these pathogens mentioned are the Herpes virus which causes respiratory problems and infections in the nose. This is the most feared, because it results in death if the animal is weak and is not treated very quickly. Another virus responsible for coryza is the Calicivirus which causes ulcers in the mouth, depression or even fever. Lastly, there is the Reovirus, the source of tearing.
This disease owes its dangerous nature to its mode of transmission by the respiratory route. As soon as a cat is affected by the disease, its other congeners are exposed to the same risk. It is for this reason that coryza is common in shelters.
Symptoms of coryza
Fatigue and fever are among the symptoms of this disease. The animal shows a loss of appetite, which should alert you if after 48 hours it has not eaten anything. The cat also develops respiratory problems including chronic cough. He also has a runny nose with sneezing or unusual breathing sounds. But that’s not all. The animal may suffer from eye irritation since the nose and eyes are linked. Sometimes this can turn into conjunctivitis. When the respiratory disorders are too important, the vital prognosis of the animal risks being engaged. Older cats are the most sensitive, due to very low immunosuppression.
Treatment of common cold
There is no single drug that can cure coryza on its own, given the many viruses that cause the disease. The veterinarian should first prescribe antibiotics in order to limit the bacterial superinfection. It also gives an antiviral serum as well as L-lysine. To treat conjunctivitis, antibiotic eye drops and an eye cleanser will be recommended. Aerosol therapy will relieve rhinitis. Note that hospitalization may be essential when the disease is at a very developed stage.
The best prevention is to vaccinate the cat. Moreover, the vaccine against common cold is strongly recommended as well as the vaccine against rabies. Overall, this vaccine will help fight against different viruses including Calicivirus, which is the cause of rhinitis. To fight bacteria like Chlamydia on the other hand, it will be necessary to resort to complementary vaccines. This preventive act should be carried out from the cat’s earliest age. Each year, a reminder must be made.