Sometimes called the common cold, or the cat flu, coryza is a complex disease that can do a lot of harm to our adorable furballs. Indeed, coryza is an infectious pathology caused not by one but by several microbes, viruses and bacteria. How to recognize it? How to treat him? Explanations.
What is coryza?
Common cold is a disease that affects cats. Also called feline viral rhinotracheitis, this infectious pathology is common and sometimes dangerous. Common cold is very contagious. Simple contact between animals is enough to transmit the disease. Cats who live in communities but also those who increase contact with other animals are the most affected. This is also the case with kittens and older cats. Indirect contagion is also possible through tissues or even bowls.
For coryza to develop, three viruses must be brought together. Each of them causes specific and different symptoms.
- Herpes virus is the most serious of the three. It causes an infection of the respiratory tract and especially of the nose. This is why we sometimes talk about cat colds. The animal is weak as is its immune system. Treatment must be put in place quickly because the cat can die.
- Calicivirus also attacks the respiratory tract before it hits the eyes. Less serious, it manifests itself by redness and plaques.
- The benign reovirus is not serious, it causes tearing.
In addition to these three viruses, it is not uncommon that bacteria are also involved. Among them, there is chlamydophilosis (or chlamydia) which is found in pus. Its presence is the cause of serious complications, especially in the most fragile cats. Once the cat catches the common cold, it is affected by the disease for life. The disease manifests itself in crises that must be treated. These attacks are more frequent during periods of stress, when the cat is weakened or after a gestation.
What are the symptoms of common cold?
Coryza is a dangerous disease that must be monitored and treated. Incubation is very short. It lasts between 2 and 5 days. Here are the signs that should alert you.
- Hissing sounds when the cat breathes
- Watery eyes (discharge from the eyes)
- Discharge from the nose
- Loss of appetite
- The presence of red plaque and ulcers in the mouth
- Significant salivation
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of smell
Remember that the cat’s body temperature is between 38 ° C and 39 ° C. In the case of coryza, the fever is high. It can reach and even exceed 40 ° C. To find out if your cat has a fever, just take his temperature. To do this, it is recommended to use a pediatric thermometer and to favor the anal route.
If you suspect that your cat has common cold, you should contact your veterinarian in order to initiate treatment as quickly as possible. Although some cats are cured without medication, domesticated cats are more fragile and can die from this disease.
How to treat coryza?
As we have just specified, a consultation with the veterinarian is necessary in the event of suspicion of coryza. The professional will confirm the diagnosis after an examination of your animal. Treatment consists of antibiotics. Depending on your pet’s condition, they will be offered as tablets, drops, and even injections. The treatment can also include aerosol therapy provided of course that your cat lets it go. Antivirals can complete the list of drugs as can Amino acids that help the immune system to strengthen.
Coryza is dangerous because it is accompanied by a loss of appetite, or even an involuntary young cat. If you notice that your pet has not fed for at least 24 hours, you should see the vet quickly because your cat may be in danger. This inability to eat is caused by difficulty breathing, loss of smell, and sores in the cat’s mouth. If it is weak and cannot eat, your cat will be hospitalized and fed through a probe.
Once he gets better, it is highly recommended to offer him chopped food. To encourage him and re-awaken his senses, you can slightly heat up your pet’s meal. Make sure he has water available as he will need to rehydrate!
How to prevent common cold or common cold?
The best way to fight coryza in cats is to have your pet vaccinated. Vaccination is very effective since it protects against the viruses most often involved such as Caliciviruses. It also protects your pet against rhinotracheitis. To complete this, your veterinarian can offer a vaccine against chlamydia which, remember, causes complications.
The vaccination schedule is as follows: two injections are given one month apart then a booster is given every year. It is possible to vaccinate your cat from the age of 8 weeks, when the kitten is weaned.
Be careful though! Coryza vaccine does not protect against all forms of the disease. Sometimes more virulent strains can affect a vaccinated cat. However, the chances of contracting coryza are much lower. In addition, the cat’s immunity is stimulated.
Reminder: cat vaccination
Here are some reminders on vaccinating cats. For a classic cat, in other words a domesticated cat, it is essential to carry out vaccination against typhus and coryza. Other vaccines can be added but some cats, like those who go out very little, do not need them. This is the vaccination against leukosis also called cat AIDS and rabies.
Here are the appointments:
- At 8 weeks: Typhus, coryza and leucosis
- At 12 weeks: Typhus, coryza and leucosis
- At 16 weeks: Typhus, coryza, leucosis and rabies
- At 1 year old: Typhus, coryza, leucosis and rabies
Then, it is necessary to make the reminders of typhus and coryza every year, and those of leucosis and rabies every two years. Regular monitoring of your animal by a veterinarian is essential not to miss these vaccination appointments but also to ensure good health for your pet.