Cat mange: symptoms, cause, treatment and prevention

Cat mange is a disease to be taken seriously. There are also different types, which is the reason why we speak rather cat mange. They are very contagious and require treatment because in the absence of care, complications can seriously impact the state of health of the cat. Let’s do a check in.

The different types of mange in cats: cause and specific symptoms

There are several kinds of cat mange.

  • The body scabies, to know :
    • notohedral scabies,
    • sarcoptic mange.
  • The ear mites.

Each is responsible for a mite very particular.

Scabies of the body

Regarding the notohedral scabies, it is a form of mange that mainly affects cats living in communities. In our country, it is not very frequent. It is caused by the mite Notoedres catii.

About the sarcoptic mange, much more frequent than the previous one, it can have repercussions on the general condition of the animal. The mite involved is Sarcoptes scabieie.

These scabies of the body are at the origin of itching which greatly agitate the cat. It licks, nibbles and scratches itself with intensity, thus creating skin lesions which end up being superinfected. On the affected areas, the skin becomes inflamed, becomes pink or reddish, thickens, becomes covered with pimples, crusts form. There is also peeling, and the appearance of a eczema is possible.

Ear mites

This parasitosis is also called otacariosis, scabies otodectic, ear infection, ear mites. It is from afar the most common scabies in cats. It is responsible for the parasite Otodectes cynotis. This tiny mite, from the family of Epidermoptidae, settles down in the ear canal of its host where it feeds on earwax, scales, and causes skin lesions.

Ear mites leads to very moderate external manifestations. The itching (pruritus) is mainly triggered by cleaning the affected ear with a cotton swab. We can then observe rapid movements of a hind leg.It is the itching that is at the origin of this reflex reaction called audito-podal reflex. This form of scab can also be seen onodour nauseating emanating from the affected ear and frequent shaking of the head by the cat.

It is absolutely fundamental to treat as quickly as possible otodectic mange. Left untreated, this disease progresses to itchy otitis noticeable by earwax laden with reddish-brown crusts. The inner ear is then severely damaged, which inevitably leads to loss of balance in the cat. The animal risks a perforation of the eardrum.

Ear mites are very transmissible from cats to humans in whom it is however benign.

Cat mange: treatment

In the slightest doubt, consult the veterinarian and especially not opt ​​for self-medication. Examinations such as blood test and one skin sample are often necessary for cat mange to be diagnosed with certainty.

A treatment is then prescribed, of course case by case depending on the type of scabies. These are drugs, or even skin injections. It is essential to eradicate the mites in question. This internal treatment can be combined in the case of a scab of the body with skin care and coat such as shampoo, lotions, etc. Infected skin areas are generally shaved.

Other consultations should be scheduled so that the veterinarian can follow the course of the disease, especially if the cat has an ear mite which can have very serious consequences on its state of health.

At the same time, the cat affected by one form or another of mange must imperatively be put in solitary confinement, so that it does not infect other household animals or humans. The environment of the animal must be completely cleaned and disinfected.

Cat mange: prevention

Prevention of scabies involvespermanent maintenance the environment of the cat and the regular checking of the ears, the condition of the skin and the hair of the animal, even more besides if it has been in contact with an animal likely to be touched for a form of scabies or another. Finally, it is very important that the cat can benefit from a pest protection, as highly recommended by vets.