Vaccinating your cat is an act of prevention essential to protect him from serious illnesses, even deadly. Certain vaccines are imperative, including for a feline living exclusively at theinterior. Explanations and calendar vaccine.
What is the use of vaccination in cats?
Vaccinating cats is the only way to prevent them from developing a disease infectious serious or even fatal whether it is of origin viral, bacterial or parasitic. The vaccine stimulates the defenses immune of the cat, thus allowing it to react quickly and more effectively against the pathology.
Should you vaccinate your indoor cat?
If your cat never goes out, it will be less prone to disease. However, you can pass a virus or parasite on it after you have caressa sick animal or have been in contact with the contaminated secretions of another feline through your shoes or your clothes. Therefore, it is recommended to vaccinate all cats, whether they live outside or inside.
Against which diseases should you vaccinate your cat?
The five vaccines commonly practiced are not compulsory on French territory but strongly recommended. These are aimed at combating the following diseases:
- The typhus cat or feline panleukopenia is a contagious virus that is very resistant to the external environment. This disease, which usually affects kittens, especially attacks white blood cells (immune defenses) and causes fever, vomiting and diarrhea. Without treatment, the gastroenteritis severe will cause intense dehydration and death of the animal in 90% of cases;
- The coryza or cat flu, also very contagious, is spread through a simple sneeze or contact with an infected animal. Combining several viruses and bacteria, this pathology of respiratory tracts upper is manifested by sniffling, sneezing, discharge from the nose. Its severity is very variable but it can become lethal if the animal is weak;
- The leukosis particularly affects cats with access to an outside. Contamination occurs through direct contact with secretions (blood, saliva, semen) from contaminated cats. Leukosis causes immune deficiency, anemia and / or tumors. If affected, the cat can heal on its own, become a healthy carrier, or die. Your veterinarian will advise you on the administration of this vaccine according to the animal’s lifestyle;
- The chlamydia feline reaches the cat at the level of the eyes and the respiratory tract. The most characteristic symptoms are a conjunctivitis, thick discharge from the eyes and nose, sneezing, a sharp dry cough, fatigue and / or fever. If not treated, complications can affect the heart or kidneys. This original pathology bacterial is easily transmitted between cats;
- The rage is caused by the rabies virus. It is transmitted mainly by bite and has the effect of making its carriers very aggressive. Rabies is an infectious disease deadly, as much for the cat as for the man. The anti-rabies vaccine is no longer compulsory in France but remains inevitable for traveling in Corsica and in the overseas territories, as well as to be able to take your cat in the campsites, holiday centers and boarding houses for animals. Your feline must imperatively be vaccinated at least a month Before his departure.
When should you get your cat vaccinated?
The vaccines must be carried out according to very precise deadlines after weaning the kitten, that is to say from two months. At this age, the little feline is no longer protected by the antibodies of its mother. As such, it is not recommended to let it go out before the vaccines are completely workforce, that is, before the second injection. Calendar to be continued :
- 1 month and a half: it is advisable to deworm your kitten so that the primary vaccination is possible a few weeks later;
- At 2 months: typhus, coryza and chlamydia vaccines;
- At 3 months: booster of typhus, coryza and chlamydia vaccines;
- From 3 months: leukosis vaccine with booster one month later;
- From 3 months: rabies vaccine;
- Each year: all typhus, coryza, leucosis, chlamydia and rabies vaccine booster shots.
What vaccines should you plan for an adult cat?
It is important that your cat’s vaccination record is kept up to date, especially if you take your feline trip or if you entrust it to a pension. This preventive act is even more important if your pet is age because his immune defenses weaken over the years and his health weakens. The veterinarian will be able to establish a vaccination program according to the state of health of the cat and its way of life. Warning: in the event that a reminder is forgotten, it sometimes becomes necessary to resume protocol of primary vaccination, therefore involving two injections one month apart. Today, more and more veterinarians are sending mail or SMS to remind the vaccination dates. All you have to do is make an appointment!