Common cold in dogs: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention


The common cold is common in dogs particularly susceptible to cold, at thehumidity or even at wind. It should not be left to last because after several days the dog can be very tired. It is therefore recommended to consult the veterinarian, if only to be certain that the dog has a cold and that he does not suffer from a more serious pathology. Let’s do a check in.

Common cold in dogs: symptoms

The common cold causes the following symptoms in dogs:

  • Chills,
  • Fever,
  • Headaches,
  • Tears,
  • Sneezing
  • A runny nose
  • A cough,
  • Inflammation of the mucous membranes,
  • Loss of appetite
  • Body aches,
  • A weakening of the general condition.

Of course, the clinical manifestations of the common cold vary from dog to dog, but in all cases the animal is contagious for its congeners. On the other hand, the common cold is not transmissible to humans.

Be aware that the common cold and cough in the kennel are different illnesses but have symptoms in common. It is therefore preferable from the first signs of consult a veterinarian because kennel cough is a serious disease, more serious than the common cold in any case since its evolution into pneumonia is possible. It is also common for a cold to be confused with allergic rhinitis, which also causes sneezing due to the inflammation of the nose. Here again, the opinion of the veterinarian is essential.

Canine cold: diagnosis and treatment

When the dog has a fever, sneezes and seems tired for two days, or if he is coughing, you should not wait to take him to his vet because the common cold can get worse. The specialist may be required to perform additional examinations in addition to the complete auscultation of the animal, to ensure that it is not suffering from the kennel cough or another health problem that may have similar symptoms. For example, a chest x-ray is useful in cases of lung damage that causes coughing. Sneezing can also be caused by foreign body in a nasal cavity. In this case, an endoscopy is required.

When the diagnosis of a cold is confirmed, appropriate treatment is only prescribed if the animal is extremely downhearted, suffers from headaches, appears to be aching or coughing. In all cases, the practitioner advises the master:

  • To keep your dog at rest for a few days,
  • Avoid taking the animal out if the weather conditions are not suitable,
  • To ensure that he drinks enough toavoid dehydration due to fever,
  • To install it in a sufficiently heated room so that it does not catch cold but to ventilate several times a day by period of 15 minutes each time,
  • Not to force the animal to eat all of its ration,
  • Of take body temperature of the dog several times a day, to ensure that it gradually decreases.

In order to compensate for a lasting loss of appetite resulting in great weakness, complementation in vitamins, minerals and trace elements can be part of the treatment if the dog is particularly vulnerable, which is the case of a doggie who already suffers from a serious pathology, an old dog, a pregnant bitch or nursing or even a puppy.

Common cold in dogs: beware of self-medication

We can not emphasize this enough : you should never give your dog with a cold any medicine intended for humans. As is the case, it is strongly recommended not to buy an over-the-counter animal treatment without the advice of the veterinarian. By wanting to do well, but above all in order to save the cost of a consultation, many masters play sorcerer’s apprentices at the risk of endangering their faithful companion. However, it suffices to insure your dog with an animal mutual to be partially and even totally reimbursed.

A dog that presents symptoms suggesting a good cold must absolutely be examined by the veterinarian because you shouldn’t take any risk with the health of his faithful companion.

Prevent colds in dogs

To prevent his dog from catching a cold, the owner must be careful, especially in bad weather. If the animal is sensitive to cold, frail or in poor health, it can make it wear a dog coat or a puffy jacket for canines well covering and insulating. But it is better to postpone the walk to another day in the event of severe inclement weather in order toavoid a cold snap.

If the dog comes home soaked of a walk in torrential rain, it is necessary to dry it well with a thick and absorbent bath towel or with the hair dryer if the doggie is not afraid. We also think, as soon as the temperatures drop, to install a heating mat in the room where the animal sleeps when it is not heated.

Ask the vet for a homeopathic treatment for boost the immune system of a fragile or very tired dog is also an interesting solution to prevent canine colds. And of course, if you have several dogs, you must take the precaution of isolating the one who has a cold so that it does not contaminate the others.