The cat can be the victim of several skin conditions during its existence because it is regularly exposed to viruses, bacteria, parasites, especially since even a common skin disease can have another origin such as stress by example. Let’s put the spotlight on different causes of the most commonly diagnosed skin diseases in kittens, main symptoms who should alert and the type of treatment likely to be prescribed by the veterinarian once he has perfectly identified the disease and its origin.
Common skin diseases in cats: there are many causes
It is very common for a master to consult the veterinarian because his cat has been suffering from a skin disease for some time. The most commonly diagnosed in this animal are due to various factors. It may for example be:
- From an autoimmune cause, when the body makes antibodies in an abnormal way,
- A skin problem whose origin is a food or contact allergy for example but also an allergy to flea bites,
- Feline acne,
- A skin condition caused by a parasite such as a flea (DAPP), or a bacterium,
- From a fungus like feline ringworm,
- Skin problems due to:
- stress (this is called psychodermatosis) which leads to behavioral problems including licking and scratching all the time,
- a hormonal disorder or dysfunction,
- to a virus (coryza, cat AIDS or FIV…).
Let us not forget that the skin is a organ which suffers the full brunt of the slightest health concern but is also directly exposed to parasites, pollution, viruses … It is therefore not surprising that during its life, the cat can present one or the other other of most common dermatoses in small felines since the causes are multiple. Some cats even have a genetic predisposition idiopatic facial dermatitis, which is the case with the Hymalayan cat and the Persian cat. But it is not the most frequently diagnosed. Even rarer, plasma cell pododermatitis causes impressive manifestations. So be careful, current does not mean that there are no others.
This is why at the slightest symptom, it is essential to go without delay to a veterinary clinic or an office to have your animal’s state of health checked. The early diagnosis is always preferable so that the kitty can quickly benefit from a suitable treatment.
Skin disease in cats: symptoms to watch out for
A dermatosis can be suspected when the cat shows one or more of the following clinical signs:
- Of itching (pruritus) leading to licking, biting and scratching importantly which can lead to wounds then their superinfection,
- Of plates more or less red (erythema) when there is inflammation,
- Of dandruff,
- Black dots,
- Of thick crusts,
- A hair loss or alopecia,
- A modification of its fur, the hair can become greasy or dry, brittle, dull, sticky …
It also happens that the cat loses its appetite, gets thinner and its general condition weakens. There, it is urgent to consult the veterinarian, on the one hand so that a solution can be found to improve the daily life of the animal but also because certain skin diseases in cats are dermatozoonoses. This means that they are transmissible to humans. Even if they do not present great dangers for humans (in the vast majority of cases), it is not desirable for a cat’s skin condition to be transmitted to all the members of its foster family …
Skin disease in cats: treatments
We cannot here describe the treatments for skin conditions commonly diagnosed in cats because they are numerous and each treatment protocol is in place case by case. It all depends on the skin disease concerned, the extent of the symptoms and the general health of the cat. The veterinarian must therefore identify the disease as well as its origin in order to adapt the treatment.
This can be based on prescription
- A pest control,
- From a fungal product,
- An antibiotic,
- An anti-inflammatory …
At the same time, it is recommended to use dermatological lotions and shampoos for specific use. Sometimes the cat spontaneously heals, that is to say without the need to administer treatment.
Be careful, we do not neglect the health of our little companion. Although the majority of skin diseases in cats are common, complications are possible and the consequences can be serious.
Since parasites are frequently the cause of a common skin disease in cats, it is of course fundamental to check very regularly the condition of its coat and its undercoat in order to search for the possible presence of an unwanted. We can note that the chip is at the origin of a pulicosis because his saliva is irritating. You must therefore think about treating your cat preventively with a flea repellent. We also recommend brushing the fur several times a week and combing it with a very fine comb over the entire coat. And if we have several cats, it is imperative to ensure treat them all with antiparasitics and to maintain them without distinction.