The Covid-19 pandemic has had an impact on the French population. Due to the health context, life expectancy, the number of marriages and births have fallen. This is called a poor record.
Fewer births, more deaths
It is an unpleasant survey that INSEE published on Tuesday, January 19, 2021. According to its latest demographic report, the population has certainly increased (+ 0.3%) but not because of the number of births. In 2020, 740,000 babies were born in France. A figure in decline with a total fertility indicator which stands at 1.84 children per woman.
If the population continued to increase, it is thanks to ” half of the natural balance (+ 82,000 people), difference between the number of births and deaths. It has fallen sharply due to the sharp rise in deaths linked to the Covid-19 pandemic “. According to INSEE, in 2020, 658,000 people died in France, i.e. 7.3% more than in 2019. ” The Covid-19 pandemic particularly affected deaths in the spring and at the end of the year “.
Aging population, declining life expectancy and marriages
The demographic report also notes a decrease in life expectancy compared to 2019 (- 0.4 years for women and – 0.5 years for men). It is 85.2 years for women and 79.2 years for men. This drop ” is much stronger than in 2015, a year marked by a strong winter flu (- 0.3 years and – 0.2 years) »Notes INSEE.
According to the survey, with the advancing age of the baby boomers, the French population is aging. ” On January 1, 2021, more than one in five people (20.7%) in France was 65 or over “. It also highlights a historic drop in the number of marriages. Containment and sanitary measures require, 148,000 unions -144,000 between people of different sex and 4,000 between people of the same sex- were celebrated in 2020. This figure is down 34% compared to 2019.