EPI-PHARE, an organization created by the National Medicines Safety Agency (ANSM) and the National Health Insurance Fund (Cnam), published on February 9, 2021 the results of one of the largest global studies on the factors risk of hospitalization and death in hospital for Covid-19. It reveals the seven chronic diseases that are at high risk for coronavirus.
Covid-19: several risk factors
Being an elderly person is the highest risk factor for Covid-19. Compared to 40-44 year olds, the risk of hospitalization is doubled in 60-64 year olds, tripled in 70-74 year olds, multiplied by 6 in 80-84 year olds and by 12 in 90 year olds and over. But age is not the only risk factor. According to an EPI-PHARE study published on Tuesday, February 9, 2021, 7 pathologies make patients more vulnerable.
To carry out its EPI-PHARE survey used data from one of the largest cohort studies carried out in the general population. From February 15 to June 15, 2020, she studied the link between 47 chronic diseases and the risk of developing a severe form of Covid-19. This extensive study highlights that ” almost all chronic conditions are associated with increased risks of hospitalization and death for Covid-19, with the exception of dyslipidemia “.
Down’s syndrome, the pathology most at risk for Covid-19
In detail, the study shows that the most vulnerable patients to Covid-19 are those who suffer from one of the following seven pathologies:
– trisomy 21: 7 times more risk of hospitalization and 23 times more risk of death
– mental retardation: 4 times more risk of hospitalization and 7 times more risk of death
– cystic fibrosis: 4 times more risk of hospitalization and 6 times more risk of death)
– end-stage chronic renal failure on dialysis: 4 times more risk of hospitalization and 5 times more risk of death
– lung cancer: 3 times more risk of hospitalization and 4 times more risk of death
– kidney transplantation: 5 times more risk of hospitalization and 7 times more risk of death
– lung transplant: 3 times more risk of hospitalization and 6 times more risk of death
In addition to chronic diseases and age, another serious risk factor was detected by the study: the sex to which you belong. ” Men are more at risk of hospitalization and death for Covid-19 than women, multiplied by 1.4 and 2.1 respectively “.