What a joy to see your lawn dotted with real daffodils (Narcissus jonquilla) in a sunny yellow that brighten up the garden from February! The daffodil belongs to the genus Narcissus. It is also a narcissus, but make no mistake, other daffodils are not daffodils! Anyway, we can plant them together because they all have the same needs. By slightly shifting the plantings of these bulbous plants, we can even enjoy a magnificent flowering staggered until April / May. Let’s take stock of the cultivation of daffodils and other narcissus.
It is between September and November that we plant them daffodil bulbs which will give several flowers per stem. They are grown in the ground or in pots, as is the case for all narcissus elsewhere. These bulbous plants are renowned for their hardiness, knowing that they brave temperatures down to -15 ° C without blinking.
The daffodil is not very demanding. Certainly, she does not like limestone soil, which is too heavy, but tolerates other types of soil, sandy or clay, without stones, as long as they are fresh, fertile, deep and well drained. She likes in the sun as in partial shade. It is therefore the bulbous plant that enchants all gardeners, even the less experienced.
The method of planting daffodils is very simple since it suffices to:
- Dig holes using a dibble, 10 to 15 cm deep and spaced about ten centimeters apart,
- Put a little sand at the bottom to promote drainage,
- Place the bulbs in the planting holes, making sure to point the tip upwards,
- Cover the bulbs with soil,
- Tamp lightly by hand,
- Give a little water if the soil is dry.
Daffodils and daffodils are planted in beds and borders, at the foot of trees and shrubs, in rockeries or even scattered around the lawn.
For a pot culture, it is essential to choose containers fully drilled so that the water drains perfectly. The ideal is to cover the bottom with a draining layer such as clay balls or gravel then plant 3 or 4 bulbs in a good soil making sure the tips are flush with the surface of the substrate. Then all that remains is to install the pots on the terrace, window sills, or even on the balcony, in the sun or in partial shade.
Caring for the daffodil
This bulbous plant requires very little maintenance.
Better have a light hand because too much water causes the bulbs to rot. In the vast majority of cases, the spring rains are sufficient for the daffodils. In case of early drought, you can water moderately at the start of flowering. From time to time we just spray the substrate of the potted daffodils.
It is not essential to lay a mulch after planting the bulbs. Some gardeners, however, opt for this precaution which allows to keep a little freshness in the soil essential during the flowering period and slows the development of unwanted weeds, which dispenses with long and tedious weeding sessions.
For daffodils grown in the ground, we can therefore install a mulch of dry leaves or any fertilizing mulch. On the other hand, fertilization is unnecessary if they are planted in pots in potting soil.
Parasites and diseases of daffodils
There is not much to fear with its plants not very sensitive to pests and diseases. However, you should know that field mice are attracted to their bulbs. To avoid finding them nibbled, many gardeners have found the solution: they plant their daffodils and other daffodils in plastic baskets and bury it all. This constitutes a good bulwark against the attacks of field mice.
The secret to stagger flowering of these beautiful bulbous plants over several months from February, involves combining different varieties of narcissus but also planting some in the shade and the rest in very sunny areas.
After flowering, when the stems are completely dry, they are cut at the base but the foliage is kept as long as it has not wilted. Thanks to them, the bulb constitutes its stock of nutrients. We must therefore wait until the leaves take a brownish coloration to cut them at the foot. As for the bulbs, they can completely overwinter in place. But you can also dig them up and brush them to remove the earth. They can thus be stored in a cool and dry room until it is time to replant them, that is, in the fall.