Dill: planting, growing, caring for and harvesting

Dill (Anethum graveolens) is a herbaceous plant of the family Apiaceae, used as annual aromatic. Its leaves and seeds are edible. Dill is used cool or dry. It deliciously perfumes fish, certain meats, potatoes, salad and many other culinary preparations. We appreciate his slightly anise flavor similar to that of fennel. To always have dill on hand, the good idea is to grow it. pot Where in the ground in the garden. Let’s see how to meet the needs of this undemanding plant to harvest enough Dill to complement many dishes.

Plant dill

Just buy Dill plants in pots to be able to plant in place from April until the end of June as long as the night temperature does not drop below 9 ° C. The risk of late frost should therefore no longer be feared. In case of doubt, it is strongly recommended to plant Dill in a container under shelter (greenhouse, frame, etc.).

The procedure is as follows:

  • Prepare the site by properly loosening the soil in the garden and carefully weeding.
  • Immerse the cups in water for a quarter of an hour in order to rehydrate the clods well which must be perfectly soaked.
  • Dig holes moderately wider and deeper than the buckets.
  • Take the clods out of the cups carefully so as not to break the roots when handling the plants.
  • Position one root ball per planting hole so that the surface is flush with the ground.
  • Respect an interval 20 to 25 cm in all directions.
  • Fill the holes with the soil previously amended.
  • Gently pack the soil around the Dill plants.
  • Drizzle with a watering can.

You can also opt for the semi in place of Dill, during the spring, preferably when the rays of the spring sun have warmed the soil in the garden. This must be at 15 ° C so that the growth begins after ten days. To do this, we sow the seeds of Dill in line after having drawn a furrow then we water in fine rain. As soon as the young plants have four leaves, it is time tothin out the row so that the plants that you want to keep are spaced from each other by about twenty centimeters. It is important to leave the plants in place because Dill does not like to be transplanted.

Growing Dill

Dill should preferably be installed under the sun and sheltered from the wind. His preference is for a rich and light soil containing soil and sand, perfectly drained. It tolerates ordinary garden soil as long as it is loose, but does not really appreciate heavy, compact and water-retaining soils, or acid soils.

Plant not greedy, Dill can be grown in the same place for three or four years in a row. It is therefore not necessary to integrate it into the annual crop rotation. On the other hand, we must be careful not to cultivate dill where we have planted parsley, carrots, fennel or even celery, coriander, parsnips during the three previous years. plants of the family Apiaceae.

Maintain Dill

Dill cultivation does not pose no difficulty peculiar because this plant is undemanding. To ensure its growth, you simply have to amend the soil just before planting with an old-fashioned type fertilizer. horse manure enriched with algae. Otherwise, a compost can be quite suitable, even a universal soil.


Sensitive to drought, Dill requires a moderate watering but very regular so that the soil is always fresh for several weeks after planting. Thanks to this constant watering, the plants have every chance of developing well.


It is necessary that weed very regularly between the Dill plants so that weeds do not compete with this herbaceous plant. The more frequently you weed, the less chance spontaneously growing grasses have to invade the cultivated area.


A mulch allowswater less frequently since it maintains a certain humidity and limit weeding sessions by slowing down the development of weeds.

Parasites and diseases

Beware of slugs and to snails which delight in the tender young leaves of many aromatic plants, and Dill is no exception to the rule. As far as illnesses are concerned, it should be noted that there is no not particularly sensitive as long as it is cultivated in good conditions. For example, care is taken to space the plants in order to allow air to circulate between them, which limits the risk of fungal diseases.

Harvest Dill

It is from the beginning of summer until autumn, which is approximately 2 months after sowing, that we can harvest dill leaves. The ideal is to have opted for planting periods or deferred sowing allowing to spread the harvests.

The leaves are picked as and when required, if possible just before the flowering period because that’s when their aromatic quality reaches its peak. If we have planted several plants of Dill, the harvest is obviously substantial. It may therefore be necessary to save the sheets for later use. The best solution is to store them in small airtight boxes that are placed in the freezer. Some people prefer to dry them and simply store them in a jar or spice box.

About 5 months after sowing, we also collect the dill seeds which are edible. They should be taken as soon as they turn a dark brown color. Be careful not to wait too long because the seeds fall easily to the ground. This is also how Dill is spontaneously reseeded. Once they have been harvested, the seeds should be dried in a shady place. They can then be kept in a box which closes tightly.

Finally, if you want to consume fresh herbs even in winter, you can easily grow dill in a pot at home. This plant will naturally find its place in front of the kitchen window.