Disease in dogs: the main symptoms to know

It is very rare that during its lifetime, a dog does not get sick. In order to treat his animal as quickly as possible, it is important that a master knows how to identify certain symptoms that may be indicative of a very specific pathology or common to several canine diseases. Let’s do a check in.


A dog that accidentally scratches itself is at great risk of get irritated and this leads to infections more or less substantial. It is of course essential to quickly identify the cause of the itching so that treatment can be given to the animal. Fleas are very frequently responsible for this symptom but it can also be chiggers, fungi, ticks, bacteria … The itching can also make fear of an allergy to a material, a food or a product of interview for example … In some cases, it may even be the consequence of stress.

Note that if the dog do the sled, that is, if he drags his hindquarters on the ground to soothe localized itching, it is because he has either intestinal worms or fleas. It is also possible that his anal area is affected by a lesion.

Better to consult before the itching intensifies even more if one cannot identify the cause.

A change in the appearance of one eye

Whether lateral (one eye) or bilateral (both eyes), one eye problem can be serious. Tearing, redness, swelling, opacity are all symptoms that can affect a dog’s eyes. They are fragile and very exposed organs. Trauma, presence of a foreign body, conjunctivitis, irritation, corneal ulcer, cataract: we do not joke if our dog has a problem affecting one or both eyes.

The veterinarian must be consulted quickly.


Cough in dogs is a symptom to watch closely because it can be due to the presence of parasites, tracheitis, bronchitis but also heart disease. If you have several dogs, it is very important to start with isolate the one who coughs so that it does not infect other animals.

At the same time, we make an appointment with the veterinarian so that he can submit the dog to a small health check. This will allow him to quickly identify the cause of this persistent cough and whether it is contagious or not.

A lump

It is during brushing or when he strokes his dog that the owner can perceive a lump. All mass detected on palpation should be identified. It could be an abscess, fat mass, cyst, hernia, benign tumor, or malignant tumor. Sometimes the affected area is hot and may or may not be painful.

It is necessary for the veterinarian to be able to perform a clinical examination and additional examinations in order to make his diagnostic and put in place the necessary care protocol.

Difficult urination

When a dog experiences difficulty urinating, its owner must be vigilant, in particular if the animal complains while urinating, moves by bending the spine (signs of suffering) or even if its urine is bloody. We can also see that his urination is more frequent than usual and that the dog presents intense thirst so that he drinks large amounts of water.

Many diseases cause this type of symptom as is the case of diabetes, kidney problems, urinary tract infections, even infection of the uterus in bitches causing an accumulation of pus or pyometra, and which is due hormonal imbalance.

If symptoms persist beyond 24 or 48 hours, a consultation with the veterinarian is necessary.

Great fatigue

It is not normal for a dog who has hitherto been inclined to walk or play to appear extremely apathetic. This undoubtedly hides a health problem, at the mental (depression) or physical (illness) level. The causes of fatigue in dogs are extremely numerous. No doubt the animal must undergo examinations so that the veterinarian can identify with certainty the cause of his lack of enthusiasm.

Fatigue that persists beyond 72 hours should not be taken lightly. We therefore consult the veterinarian.

Hypersalivation and convulsions

One dog convulsing and drooling may be the victim of a poisoning or a poisoning. Usually he has other symptoms such as watery diarrhea, vomiting, tremors, paralysis.

We do not ask a question because it is a absolute urgency : your dog should be taken immediately to the nearest veterinarian or to a veterinary clinic.

A swollen belly

Many health problems can cause a abdominal swelling such as constipation, internal bleeding, stomach enlargement or tumor.

If you notice a swelling of the abdomen in your dog, it is strongly recommended to consult without delay because the animal may be the victim of a hemorrhage or even of the syndrome of dilation torsion of the stomach. These are cases of absolute urgency.

Bad breath

Halitosis in dogs may be a sign of oral problem Where digestive. It is therefore accompanied by very diverse symptoms such as reddening of the gums, loss of teeth, weight loss, a problem with intestinal transit. A mouth infection, coprophagia, and some cancers are some of the health problems that can lead to bad breath in dogs.

It is recommended not to wait more than two or three days to consult if the halitosis persists.

Respiratory problems

These disorders are extensive, and can be moderate or very severe. From runny nose to sneezing through difficult breathing, there are many causes of breathing problems, some of them very serious, even serious. The cause can indeed be viral, parasitic, allergic, tumor or cardiac.

If you suspect a simple cold there is no emergency. On the other hand, if the dog has difficulty breathing, if he is panting, or simply if his master has the slightest doubt, it is necessary to go to the veterinarian without delay.

The rapid changes in weight

A dog who suddenly loses weight should be watched closely because the causes of rapid weight loss are numerous. It can be depression, infestation with intestinal parasites, diabetes, cancer. Likewise, a dog that get bigger visibly must be monitored and it is necessary to make him exercise on a daily basis but also to review his food intake as well as the quality of his food. Let’s not forget that obesity is a recurring problem in more and more overly sedentary dogs that are not fed properly, and this exposes them to diseases.

Whether he is losing weight or gaining weight, the dog must be seen by his veterinarian. Note, however, that rapid weight loss justifies an emergency visit.

A dog can exhibit many other symptoms than those shown here. Whatever they are, as soon as the doggie is not at its best, it should be given a Health care access quickly. It is always preferable to consult for a small injury without consequence rather than to wait and insidiously allow a serious disease to set in that could be life-threatening for the animal.

For take care of the health of your dog at a lower cost, a master has every interest in taking out a contract with a mutual company for pets. Knowing that veterinary expenses can thus be reimbursedpartially or totally, the owner of the animal is less reluctant to consult a veterinarian. Just use a dog health insurance comparator to find the desired formula in a few clicks.