Having your dog vaccinated helps protect his health, but also that of humans and other pets. But care must be taken to respect the recall dates when necessary. In order not to forget anything, the master has a health book on behalf of his dog, who also serves as vaccination record because it indicates all the vaccines already carried out and those to come. Focus on dog vaccination point by point.
What are the vaccines for dogs?
There are many vaccines for dogs as these animals are susceptible to contracting diseases serious, sometimes deadly, following contact with a sick animal, but also quite simply during a solitary walk in nature. Some pathologies are transmissible to humans. We call them zoonoses. Vaccination is therefore the best solution so that the whole family is protected and that the dog is immunized, for a limited time or even for life depending on the vaccines. This is the reason why we must also respect the recall dates.
Vaccination protects the dog against the following diseases:
- Rubarth’s hepatitis,
- Kennel cough or infectious tracheobronchitis caused by the virus para-influenza,
It is necessary to seek advice from the veterinarian because he knows perfectly which vaccines are necessary and at what age.
When to vaccinate your dog?
The very first vaccine can be received by the puppy from the age 2 months, and from 3 months for the rabies vaccine (anti-rabies). But to guarantee the effectiveness of a vaccine, the animal must be able to benefit from the essential reminders, according to a vaccination schedule established by the veterinarian. The dates to remember can also be recorded in the dog’s health record.
The veterinarian adapts the vaccination protocol case by case. To do this, it takes into account:
- Of the dog’s age,
- Of her sex,
- Of his race,
- Of his state of health,
- Of his way of life,
- From his daily environment,
- From the epidemiological situation at the regional level.
It also takes into consideration the puppy mother vaccination. Thus, a dog born to a mother who has never been vaccinated, who grows up among other animals and travels a lot with his owner or participates in hunting days, is much more exposed than a house dog. , the only animal in the household and born to a mother whose vaccination has always been up to date.
It should therefore be remembered that the vaccination schedule for a puppy is established as follows:
- At the age 6 to 8 weeks, or even earlier for a puppy who lives in a dog farm: primary vaccination against distemper, Rubarth’s hepatitis, kennel cough, leptospirosis, parvovirus and rabies. You should know that the age of the first vaccination against parvovirus can be advanced if the mother of the puppy was not vaccinated.
- 12 months later, the primary vaccination should be followed by a booster.
- Then every year, vaccination is to be expected for distemper, Rubarth’s hepatitis, kennel cough, leptospirosis and parvovirus.
Regarding the vaccination of adult dogs who have never received vaccines for any reason, the veterinarian will give two injections one month apart. Thereafter, these dogs should be vaccinated once a year.
Special case of the vaccine against piroplasmosis
Piroplasmosis, also sometimes called babesiosis is a disease transmitted by ticks. It is particularly prevalent in certain regions of France. Also, not all dogs routinely receive the vaccine against piroplasmosis. Whatever its geographical area, the owner of a dog may wish to have this vaccine added to the vaccination schedule of his little companion.
It should be noted that it is the subject of a very specific rule, namely the respect of a sufficient period of the other vaccines. Otherwise, the protocol is the same: for a first vaccination against piroplasmosis, the dog receives two injections one month apart, then a booster every year.
Dog vaccination: what is the obligation?
It is important to remember here that dog vaccination is strongly recommended, and that the rabbies shot (rabies vaccination) is absolutely compulsory in the following cases: dog belonging to group 1 or group 2 and therefore considered “dangerous”, or for all dogs without exception when they have to leave the national territory to go to Corsica, in the DOM-TOM or in a foreign country. The anti-rabies vaccine is also compulsory when the dog or puppy has to change owners, whether following a donation or a transfer (sale).
In addition, the owner who entrusts his dog to a kennel, a shelter or a dog boarding house must provide proof that the animal has been vaccinated against rabies, kennel cough and parvovirus.
Whether required by law or not, the master is responsible of the health of his little companion. He must therefore do everything in his power to ensure that his dog is protected. This is why it is important to have him vaccinated even if this has a significant cost.
So that veterinary expenses (including vaccines) are reimbursed partially or totally, it suffices to take out an insurance contract with an animal health mutual. Thanks to a dog insurance comparator, we can receive many offers very quickly. All that remains is to compare the prices but also the services in order to offer your dog health coverage perfectly suited to his needs.