Some cats, more sensitive than others, can have – following flea bites – a virulent reaction which results in violent itching. This exacerbated reaction justifies a consultation with the veterinarian. Here is everything you need to know about what is called the DAPC, that is, Allergic Dermatitis to Flea Bites in cats and the ways to treat it as the best solutions to avoid it.
Allergic Dermatitis Flea Bites: Symptoms
This allergy is by far the most common in our cat friends. It is due to the contamination of the little feline by the flea saliva some components of which are responsible for hypersensitivity. The symptoms, which do not take long to appear, are as follows:
- Severe itching,
- The untimely scratching, the cat also bites itself to relieve its itching and licks itself insistently,
- The cat is more restless than usual,
- Irritations appear from scratching,
- The fur is less dense and the hairs become brittle, they can even fall locally (alopecia) on the sides, back, stomach, neck, head …,
- Erythema forms (red areas on the skin),
- Appearance of papules in different places: thighs, hindquarters, legs, ears.
Be careful, some of these symptoms are also encountered in case of food allergy or even atopic eczema.
When the flea bite allergy becomes chronic, we see secondary manifestations severe itching, such as:
- A thickening of the stratum corneum or hyperkeratosis,
- Skin inflammation,
- An oozing dermatitis that can be seen with damp spots of red color: we also speak of hot spots,
- Fungal infection,
- A bacterial infection.
In view of these many symptoms, it is understandable that allergy to flea bites in cats warrants treatment by a veterinarian most precociously possible.
Allergy to flea bites: treatment in cats
The veterinarian begins with a physical examination in order to locate the lesions and visually study their appearance. It also looks for the presence of fleas in the cat’s coat or flea excrement. These have the appearance of very small black grains and their particularity is to leave orange traces as soon as they are rubbed with a damp paper towel. All of these are generally sufficient to diagnose DAPP without the need to subject the cat to allergy tests.
The Flea bite allergy treatment is based on the prescription of cortisone to calm itching and inflammation. At the same time, the master must use a soothing spray lotion and a flea shampoo, care products recommended by the practitioner to treat the cat’s coat, eradicate fleas and prevent their reappearance.
All cats, even very sedentary ones, can get fleas
Some owners are surprised to see their cat infested with fleas when their animal does not usually spend its life outdoors. It is bad to know these parasites that can invade our homes without our suspecting their presence. And here’s why.
A flea, once properly installed on the cat, feeds on the blood of its host but also reproduces there. Only one female is able to lay eggs between 800 and 1,000 eggs within two months, which moreover corresponds to his life expectancy. However, flea eggs fall when the cat moves, scratches itself, grooms itself, and they infest the entire environment of the little feline and therefore of its owners …
After the flea eggs hatch, the larvae take shelter in cocoons after finding something to protect themselves from the light. We can thus live with flea larvae for months, well hidden in every corner of the house (carpet pile, cat’s basket, between the sofa cushions, in the interstices of the parquet, in the cupboard where the broom is stored. , brush, dust rags, vacuum cleaner, etc.), in the car, etc. It is therefore very difficult to eliminate them. They just have to find a host – human or animal – on which they make a home and whose blood will serve as food. The loop is then closed.
More common in summer and fall, however, DAPP can be rife throughout the year when the immediate environment of the cat is heavily infested.
Allergy to flea bites: prevention
It is essential to give the prescribed treatment to your allergic cat, scrupulously respecting the veterinarian’s prescription. But it is also necessary to treat the entire environment of the animal in order to prevent a new infestation parasitic.
In cats with very high sensitivity to flea bites, treatment is sometimes given for life, but only the veterinarian can decide. Finally, in addition to clean and of treat every corner of the house which must also be scrubbed very regularly with great attention, do not forget to also use a pest control Of type flea on all other pets that live in the household. This is essential because a relapse is quite possible. Finally, it is very important to brush your cat regularly and to check its undercoat in order to look for the slightest trace of fleas.