For the journey home-work, the car remains the means of transport of choice – Economy


To get to their place of work, 74% of working people take the car, 16% take public transport and 2% cycle. The remaining 6% prefer to walk, tells us the INSEE in a study on the means of transport used between home and the workplace.

The car … even for short distances

Despite the various incentives to take public transport or the bicycle, the car is still very, very used in France to get to work. All regions and all types of municipalities combined, 74% of working people (ie 18.1 million people) take their cars to go to work. The share of public transport is 16% (or 3.9 million working people). In third place on the podium comes walking (6%), ahead of the bicycle (2%).

Interestingly, this car craze isn’t just about long-distance travel. Among French people whose workplace is less than 5 km from their home, 60% choose to take the car.

Public transport, a phenomenon specific to large cities

This INSEE study also tells us that the use of public transport is a characteristic phenomenon of more or less large municipalities. In the “catchment areas” of cities with more than 700,000 inhabitants (outside the Paris region), 15% of working people use public transport against less than 3% in those of less than 50,000 inhabitants. And this is understandable: the denser the public transport network and the higher the frequency of passage, the more attractive this network is. When the service is not satisfactory, people fall back on their personal means of transport (car, motorcycle or bicycle).

The massive use of public transport is very specific to the “attraction area” of Paris, since 44% of employed workers residing there use the metro, bus, tram, RER or train to go to work. And if we take intramural Paris, the proportion is even higher: 7 out of 10 working people use public transport there.

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