The International Energy Agency announced Thursday, July 15, 2021, that faced with the increase in demand for electricity, fossil fuels were in great demand.
Global demand increase of 5%
The International Energy Agency (IEA) announced Thursday, July 15, 2021, in its semi-annual report on the electricity market, that the global demand for electricity for the year 2021 was growing faster than the deployment of renewable energies. A situation that involves a greater use of fossil fuels, more polluting and in particular coal.
Thus, the IEA estimates that in 2021, electricity demand will increase by 5%. An increase that will be absorbed at 50% by fossil fuels such as gas and coal. Coal will be the main energy required, which, according to the Agency, “ bring CO2 emissions from the electricity sector to record levels in 2022 “.
A 3.5% increase in CO2 emissions
The increase in demand is also expected to continue in 2022 to reach an additional 4%. The share of renewable energy deployment should also intensify with an increase of 8% in 2021 and 6% in 2022. However, this will remain insufficient to absorb all of the excess demand.
Thus, this increase in demand will result in a 3.5% increase in CO2 emissions in 2021 and 2.5% in 2022, which will achieve a record level of emissions. Keisuke Sadamori, Director of Markets and Energy Security at the IEA, believes that faced with this situation, the objective of carbon neutrality in 2050 will be difficult to achieve. “ Electricity from renewable sources is growing impressively in many places around the world, but not yet enough to put us on the path to net zero emissions by mid-century »He explains.
To get closer to this goal of carbon neutrality, according to the IEA, it is therefore necessary to reduce coal production by 6% per year until 2025, when the latter continues to increase, but also to invest more massively in energy. renewable.