Gardening in October: gardening tips


There is a lot to do in October, especially if the drought and / or scorching heat has left its mark. The lawn always needs little attention just like the plants in pots and balconies, and it is not in the ornamental garden, in the orchard or even in the vegetable patch where the harvests are abundant that the gardener can rest on his laurels. And as the first frosts are not very far away, many plants must be protected. October in the garden is a month when you have to be active… and reactive because nature is not far from taking a break.

October in the vegetable garden

  • Harvest the vegetables usually abundant at this time of year, such as:
    • Squash,
    • Zucchini,
    • Tomatoes,
    • Eggplants,
    • Peppers,
    • Spinach,
    • Beets,
    • Turnips,
    • Cabbage,
    • Carrots,
    • Leeks,
    • Celeriac,
    • Chewed up,
    • Chicory,
    • Lettuce,
    • Escarole …
  • Pull out the root vegetables,
  • Tuck in the parsnips and endives before the very first fall frost,
  • Think about the storing autumn vegetables when they are ripe: store them in a cool, well-ventilated room at a temperature between 10 and 12 ° C,
  • Weeding relentlessly,
  • Transplant the white onion,
  • Plant:
    • Peas,
    • Beans,
    • Autumn garlic in the ground, making sure to provide it with perfectly drained soil,
    • Cauliflowers (under shelter) which will be transplanted in March-April for a harvest in June.
  • Sow :
    • Asparagus,
    • Gray shallot,
    • Red onion,
    • Sorrel,
    • Parsley,
    • Chive,
    • Dill,
    • Chervil,
    • Tarragon,
    • Garlic (purple, white),
    • Radish (in the nursery),
    • Oak leaves (in the nursery).
  • Spade them uncultivated plots in order to turn the earth, to remove stones and weeds, then to spread manure there.

What to do in the orchard in October

  • To harvest :
    • The last bunches of grapes,
    • Hazelnut,
    • Almonds,
    • Nuts,
    • Chestnuts,
    • Pears,
    • Apples,
    • Quinces,
    • Rosehip and Hawthorn berries, delicious in jam …
  • Prune stone fruit trees,
  • Clean strawberries, raspberries …,
  • Pick up damaged fruit that has fallen to the ground and put them in the compost,
  • Spray Bordeaux mixture as a preventive measure on the fruit trees which have started to lose hair, in order to protect them against diseases,
  • If necessary, treat the olive tree with a suitable insecticide,
  • Pamper the vine,
  • Plant:
    • Actinidia (kiwi tree),
    • Walnut,
    • Plum tree,
    • Quince,
    • Apricot tree,
    • To fish,
    • Cherry tree,
    • Almond,
    • Hazel,
    • Gooseberry,
    • Raspberry bush,
    • Blackcurrant,
    • Other small fruit trees …

October in the pleasure garden

  • Remove all faded flowers, damaged or dry stems and leaves that have suffered from hot weather or lack of water during the holidays,
  • Pluck them annuals flower beds, planters and pots, unless they are of course still in full bloom and are decorative enough to be kept for a few more weeks,
  • Divide the plants perennials which have grown in size,
  • Cut indoor plants,
  • Prune:
    • Climbing plants that need to be rebalanced,
    • The hedge,
    • Summer flowering shrubs,
    • The rosebushes.
  • Stake what must be in anticipation of strong winds,
  • Pampering the lawn:
    • Pass the mower but take care to maintain a sufficient cutting height because the grass must not be cut too short,
    • Aerate the lawn scarifier when it is slightly damp,
    • Spread compost,
    • Manually remove stubborn weeds and moss,
  • Mulch the base of the shrubs,
  • Rake the dead leaves as you go: if they are healthy, they can be put in the compost or used to mulch the plants to protect them from frost,
  • Plant:
    • Deciduous shrubs,
    • The persistent hedge,
    • Heather plants and shrubs,
    • Chrysanthemums,
    • Comfrey,
    • Spring-flowering bulbs after having well ventilated the soil (Iris, Perce-Neige, Botanical tulip, Cyclamen, Muscari, Crocus, Narcissus, Daffodil, Hyacinth, Fritillary, not to mention the Iphéion uniflore …),
    • The biennials such as Primrose, Wallflower ravenelle, Pansée d’automne, Myosotis.
  • Treat roses with a fungicide as soon as the leaves turn yellow and repeat the treatment when all the leaves have fallen. Take care to burn them so as not to contaminate other plants.
  • Place a mulch at the foot of the perennials.
  • Bring in indoor plants that have spent the summer outdoors such as orchids and many more.
  • Enter the citrus fruits.
  • Start to winter all plants grown in pots or containers but which are not indoor plants. Olivier, Oleander, Bougainvillea, Geranium, etc. are so many wonders that cannot stand the harsh winters of some of our regions and must therefore spend the winter in a frost-free, dry and ventilated room. Faded flowers are of course removed.
  • Prepare (or buy) the wintering sails that it will not take long to install on cautious ornamental plants grown in the ground or in too large tubs, therefore impossible to move.
  • Clean pots, planters, containers, and if necessary disinfect them after having completely emptied them of their completely devitalized substrate. It will have to be replaced at the time of the next plantings.

It is of course advisable to reduce watering, to take advantage of this early autumn to clean the room used to winterize a number of plants as well as all garden tools, to sharpen hedge trimmers, secateurs and other shears, but also to revise the mower. Arachnophobes will not forget to spray the towers of windows and bay windows with a creeper barrier in order to prevent spiders from infiltrating the house (grrrrrr…).

October marks the early fall and we see that there is really something to do. But after all the efforts made to ensure that the natural space shines until the onset of winter and that the gel plants be well sheltered from the cold, the gardener can still benefit from beautiful sunny days in the ornamental garden or on the terrace and taste with family or friends the good products of the kitchen garden and the orchard.