Garlic: planting, growing, caring for and harvesting


Growing Garlic is amazingly easy. This bulbous vegetable plant is therefore well suited to novice gardeners. It is in any case an essential herbaceous in the kitchen. Raw or cooked, Garlic is very healthy, and one or two cloves can be consumed every day of the year. Here’s how to grow Garlic and what rare care this perennial needs, from planting to harvest.

Plant Garlic

Those are the pods (buds) developing from the main bulb to be planted. This type of bud is called a caieu Where cayeu. To obtain a production of large buds, it is advisable to plant cloves that are on the outside of the bulb rather than those on the inside. These are generally smaller. We do not throw them away of course because they work wonders in the kitchen. But before consuming them we always think of splitting them in half lengthwise in order to remove the germ.

In addition to being large, cloves for planting should be nicely formed and completely healthy. Finally, we take the precaution not to separate them from the head until they are put in the ground.

The planting period depends on the variety of garlic you choose to grow, namely:

  • the spring (from mid-March to mid-April) for thepink garlic (in regions where the autumns are chilly),
  • THE’fall for’purple garlic and thewhite garlic.

The varieties planted in autumn are obviously the hardiest.

Precautions to take

It is useful to fertilize the soil at least 40 days before planting Garlic with a very well decomposed compost. If the manure is too fresh, it causes the garlic heads to rot even before they reach maturity. Note also that Garlic is susceptible to rot if the soil is too impregnated with water. This is the reason why in heavy soil it is a good idea to make a mound about fifteen centimeters high using the hoe.

The planting is carried out as follows.

  • At the top of the hill, plant the cloves at a depth of 3 cm,
  • Space the cloves 10 cm apart.

It is not no watering required when planting because, as a rule, the weather conditions are sufficient to create the necessary humidity.

Growing Garlic

First of all, it is very important to note that garlic absolutely does not tolerate being grown in the presence of plants of the family of Alliaceae as is the case, for example, with chives, onions, shallots, leeks or wild garlic, etc., nor in an area of ​​the vegetable garden where one of these plants has been cultivated in the previous four years. It is therefore absolutely necessary to opt for crop rotation. In contrast, Garlic can be grown near peas and beans.

Garlic is not a demanding plant in terms of soil since everything suits him on condition that the soil is aerated but devoid of sand and does not retain water. On the exhibition side, a place under the sun suits him perfectly.

Maintaining Garlic in the Garden

Garlic is undoubtedly among the easiest plants to grow, requiring very little time and effort from the gardener. So it is suitable for all people who have a small space of land, even novice gardeners.

Water

We only water our garlic plants in dry weather and only in may, when the bulbs are forming.

Biner

It is useful to hoe regularly to loosen the soil which tends to crust and to eliminate the weeds as and when they appear.

Parasites and diseases

It is seldom necessary to have to treat garlic in the garden because the pests do not rub against it. And for good reason, garlic is used regularly as a natural insecticide. It is also not susceptible to disease. This is all the more true when we have bought certified plants. A poor quality plant is more prone to rust and bulb rot.

Harvest Garlic

The harvest of garlic planted in autumn is spread over several months, as and when required, depending on the case. In May, the harvested green garlic is consumed fresh. From the end of June, it matures. So we can make garlic braids but the crop must first be left to dry in a shaded area for a few days. To avoid the risk of burns that reduce the shelf life of garlic, do not dry the buds in direct sunlight.

Once done, the garlic braids can simply be hung in the kitchen. They keep well in this type of warm room to which they add a decorative touch and a note of authenticity.

Finally, it is quite possible to consume the young plants or carnations because they are delicious, as well as the garlic flower. As to sheets, they are eaten fresh and chopped. They perfume, for example, eggs casseroles, omelettes, crème fraîche, salads, lamb, certain fish… They can therefore be used in the same way as parsley, chives, dill and many other aromatics. .