Gestation and reproduction of the cat: what you need to know!


Supporting the birth of her cat at home and seeing the newborns born is certainly an unforgettable experience, but one that requires a minimum of knowledge so that everything goes without risk. Here are some things to know about the reproduction and gestation of your pet.

Reproduction in cats

The projection is possible when the cat shows signs of heat. In principle, cats reach their sexual maturity between 4 and 12 months, knowing that the earliest breeds are Siamese, Burmese and Abyssinian. They have their first heat from their 7th month. Their sexual cycle takes place in four major stages: proestrus (period when females attract males without accepting mating), estrus (mating is tolerated), metestrus (all the phases following ‘mating) then the anestrus (corresponding to the period of sexual rest).

During periods of heat, the cat meows constantly to attract the attention of the males. If they live in an apartment, they will try to escape. Their urine also leaves strong fumes to indicate to the male that they are ready for reproduction.

Namely that unlike humans, feline fertilization is governed by a very particular process. Ovulation does not take place until 48 hours after mating. Thus, several matings with different males can give birth to a litter of kittens that will not have the same father. This is why it is important not to let the animal go out during periods of heat, especially if it is a question of a purebred cat, to avoid having several parents.

Female gestation and birth

The gestation of the female lasts between 64 and 69 days. It is possible to know if she is expecting a happy event by doing an ultrasound from the 3rd week. In order for gestation to take place in the best conditions, it is important to provide a suitable diet rich in nutrients and especially in large quantities. Dry food for kittens, for example, is suitable because it provides the maximum amount of energy. Deworming the animal should also be one of your priorities to prevent worms from infecting kittens. Likewise, an anti-flea treatment is to be expected.

Before the birth of her young, that is to say between 7 to 9 weeks of gestation, the cat will want to find a refuge to give birth. Once she chooses the place, she won’t want to change. We will have to arrange this place so that it is quiet. Be careful, the animal may show aggressive behavior during this phase. She will not be at peace until after giving birth.

Precisely when giving birth, the cat must benefit from a particularly calm environment. It should not be moved or subjected to any form of stress.

The farrowing lasts around 6 hours. A litter has between 3 and 5 kittens. They hardly move for 48 hours after giving birth. But on the other hand, their first feedings are done an hour after birth.

It is strongly recommended that you call a veterinarian and examine the cat after this happy event if you think there is any problem.

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