The dog is a greedy animal who never refuses to share the meal with his masters. In fact, many people have gotten into the habit of giving their dog their table scraps, so as not to waste food. It is nevertheless a very bad idea because the remains left on the plates are not good for the health of the animal, some are even toxic.
Table scraps: inadequate for the nutritional balance of the dog
The dog’s digestive system is not designed to digest food intended for humans because it is:
- Too salty and / or spicy,
- Too sweet,
- Rich in fat,
- Rich in lactose.
Often too high in calories, our food is not suitable for dogs. It also does not respond to nutritional needs of its organism and therefore cannot contribute to maintaining the animal’s good state of health. Now a inappropriate food can cause health problems of all kinds: cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, kidney failure…. On the contrary, we must take care to give our little companion daily adult puppy or dog food, very good quality, which also includes small treats.
Table scraps: dangerous because toxic for the dog
Many foods intended for humans are dangerous for dogs. Their toxicity is such, in many cases, that it can lead to the death of the animal. You have to resist this bad habit of giving your dog leftover plates. So here are the absolutely banned drinks and foods with, for some of them, the serious consequences which they entail.
- Alcohol: nervous system damage, loss of balance, drowsiness, breathing difficulties, paralysis, coma, circulatory failure, death,
- Cow’s milk due to the lactose it contains: digestive disorders such as vomiting and diarrhea,
- Tea and coffee: intestinal disorders, fatal heart problem,
- Sodas of all kinds: constipation, diabetes,
- Chocolate: intense thirst, vomiting, tremors, restlessness, heart problems, coma, death,
- Sweets: cavities, diabetes,
- Raw, green, sprouted potatoes: digestive disorders, nervous problems,
- Raw pie or bread crusts: respiratory disorders and digestive obstruction which can be fatal,
- Foods from the family of Alliaceae such as leek, garlic, shallot, onion, chives: anemia, dog death,
- Macadamia nut, nutmeg, cashew nut: depression, high fever, vomiting,
- Avocado: respiratory problems, cardiovascular disorders, digestive disorders,
- Raisins and freshly harvested grapes: digestive problems, acute kidney failure,
- Kernels and pips: intestinal obstruction, cyanogenic glycoside poisoning,
- Small friable, sharp bones…: wounds in the mouth, suffocation, perforation of the esophagus or the intestinal wall. Note that you can occasionally give your dog a large raw marrow bone, but you must remain vigilant.
The following products should not be included in your dog’s diet either:
- Salt and savory dishes,
- Large quantities of raw egg white,
- The yeast,
- The plum,
- The cherry,
- The mushrooms,
- The pear.
If in doubt, do not hesitate to ask the veterinarian for more information.
Giving your dog table scraps: a bad educational habit
In addition to being dangerous in many cases for the dog, giving him the leftovers of meals is strongly educationally not recommended. It must be given up from an early age so that he learns to master his greed and the urge to beg for a bite here, a bite there. There is nothing more unpleasant than having a dog calling out while you are at the table. This very bad habit may not bother some masters, but it can be quite unbearable for the guests.
If the habit is already well established, it is necessary to to habituate the animal. To do this, one must adopt indifference when he claims to eat during meals, even if ignoring it is not easy when he implores his master with his eyes while licking his chops. No need to feel guilty. The good idea is to incorporate vegetable waste without sauce into the compost and throw away the rest.
Handler / dog: establish a hierarchy
You have to get into the habit of not feeding your dog in the room where his masters take their meals. To each his own space. It is equally important to feed him at the same time each day.
The dog must be able to be forgotten during human meals: either he spends this time outside, or he stays in his basket located in another room. But to get him to behave well in society, it is not necessary never give in to your whims. This is also important so that he does not have the impression of being the dominant within his host family.
The dog therefore eats either a good hour before his owners, but ideally he should eat exclusively after. However, that is not a reason to give him the leftovers of meals because, as we have seen, many foods are not suitable for him and some are dangerous for him.
So let’s assume that the dog is not the table bin of its breeders and that he must receive daily food that is strictly reserved for him, which can quite be prepared at home (household food) but on the exclusive advice of the veterinarian so as not to make any mistakes, both in terms of cooking than food balance. Food prepared by the master with raw food of excellent quality is much better for the health of the animal than foods such as low-end and poorly balanced kibble or mash.