You accidentally spill a candle or unintentionally overheat grease in a pan and a fire can quickly start in your home. Hence the interest of an autonomous smoke detector – made compulsory in all homes, but also of a fire extinguisher. Although not compulsory, it can be useful to you in the event of a fire starting in your home. Which ones are suitable and for what use? Here are some tips to see more clearly and if necessary, equip yourself.
Even though you could put out a fire within two minutes with a suitable extinguisher, experts warn against the usual overzealous fire. First you need to call the fire department and then make sure everyone is safe. Only then can you take the initiative to use your fire extinguisher. Be aware that in the event of heavy smoke, it is important to leave your home immediately, as a few breaths can be fatal.
What criteria should be observed in choosing a fire extinguisher for the home?
You will go to a large area dedicated to DIY, in a household equipment store or even in supermarkets to buy a fire extinguisher. Here’s what to look out for when equipping your home with a fire extinguisher:
- His weight : There is no point in equipping yourself with a fire extinguisher that you would be unable to lift and even less to handle. You can always opt for two lighter extinguishers rather than one much heavier one.
- Her size : it is the same reasoning. In addition, be careful of its size, if only for questions of location in your home. Because a fire extinguisher must be easily accessible. No question of placing it behind a piece of furniture or a large pile of cardboard. Ideally, it should be placed in a room where fire is likely to break out, such as a kitchen.
- Its volume: it’s written on its surface, it gives you an idea of how much fuel you have.
- Its conformity: the exterior that you are about to choose must bear the CE mark and meet very specific standards.
What are the different types of fire extinguishers?
The foam extinguisher similar to the water extinguisher transforms its product into a heavy and compact foam. It makes it possible to extinguish the flames without risk of restarting. It is a product which is irritating and corrosive so be careful in its handling.
The powder extinguisher
The powder extinguisher is suitable for classes A, B and C, the most common at home, namely those caused by poor electrical connections or a kitchen left unattended. The powder extinguisher has a pressure gauge and a hose, which simplifies its operation. It is also supplied with the corresponding wall bracket. So, it can be easily installed. On the other hand, its powder is very corrosive and can cause a lot of damage. It is this type of extinguisher that is the most recommended for homes because it allows the flames to be quickly smothered and thus the fire under control as soon as it starts.
The water extinguisher
This extinguisher fights solid fires of class A fire without any chemical product: its extinguishing agent is pure water. The damage resulting from the action of the extinguishing agent is therefore much lower with this extinguisher than with extinguisher sprays and foam extinguishers. The water extinguisher can be easily attached to the wall bracket. Its use is easy thanks to the trigger button, the fire extinguisher gun and the ergonomically shaped handle that is extremely stable. Sometimes the water extinguisher contains an additive that makes the water even more penetrating, which increases its effectiveness in fighting flames. In this case, always take care not to splash the product on your body as it can be irritating. The water extinguisher is obviously not recommended on electrical connections.
The gas extinguisher
It is an extinguisher that contains gas, most often carbon dioxide, at very low temperatures. In fact, the liquid coming out of the device is around -75 degrees, so you have to be extremely careful in handling it, especially when handling it, but also with regard to electrical equipment. These can be cooled when they overheat. But beware of the explosion if it cools too quickly.
How do you use the fire extinguisher you have just purchased?
There is a seal that can be difficult to undo without help. It may therefore be appropriate to leave a knife or a pair of scissors near your fire extinguisher – of course installed away from any possible access by a small child. Pull out the pin and then squeeze the handle. And aim for the base of the fire: aim the extinguisher downward and sweep the area sideways. A fire extinguisher discharges very quickly: so be quick because it empties in about ten seconds. You have noticed that in any case, it is not recommended to touch the product contained in your extinguisher because it can cause you injuries. If you have even partially used your extinguisher, it becomes unusable. A fire extinguisher can only be used for single use.