To preserve the health of backyard birds, it is necessary in many regions of France to heat the henhouse as little as possible. To do this, there are several solutions that we will discover together as well as the cost of each of them. Let us also take the opportunity to take stock of the means of heating a henhouse without forgetting the devices that reduce the emission of greenhouse gases … The planet really needs us to respect it.
Insulate your henhouse before heating it
Before even thinking about heating your chicken coop, you have to look at your insulation and his sealing. There is no point in spending energy if the building that houses the hens is full of thermal bridges or is simply designed with a material that lets in the cold and out the heat. Itou for its level of waterproofing: it must be able to protect birds against humidity.
In the Mediterranean regions, where the climate is particularly mild in winter, since the henhouse is perfectly insulated, well sealed and located at theshelter from cold winds, it is not necessary to heat often. Admittedly, we recommend installing a heating system there because the weather conditions vary from year to year, and given the upheaval that we have known for a few years in this area and which continues to grow. increase, we must now expect everything …
Heating system for chicken coop: selection criteria
Once the insulation problem has been resolved, we can choose a heating system for his henhouse. The selection of the right concept depends in part on:
- The region of establishment and therefore the climate,
- The area of the henhouse,
- The type of breeding.
For example, if you live in eastern France, where you raise hundreds of chicks in 300 m², the heating system required may be different from the one intended to heat a 30 m² henhouse, in the south of the country, where there are no more than 10 hens.
When choosing a heating system for increase the comfort of his hens or chicks, it is important to take some advice from a pro by providing him with as much information as possible on the configuration of the premises and the size of the farm so that he can offer the most suitable solution but also quantify the cost of the operation.
Heating a chicken coop with an alternative to fossil fuels
There are two solutions to obtain a good temperature in winter in a room intended for the poultry yard thanks to the energies drawn from the earth or water : geothermal energy and aquathermy. Of course, these solutions require a significant budget at the time of their installation, of the order of € 15,000, or even up to € 25,000, but they allow very significant energy savings thereafter. Given the necessary budget at the start, they are mainly chosen by poultry farmers who raise hundreds of hens. But it’s still interesting to know what it is all about.
This heating method, which uses energy supplied by the earth, is used more and more in our homes. It can also be used to maintain a pleasant temperature in a chicken coop, which allows hens and other farmyard animals to spend the winter in the best possible conditions. This solution is essential if one wishes reduce at the same time CO2 emission. Geothermal energy is an alternative source to fossil fuels. It is therefore a renewable energy which can be combined with a heat pump (PAP).
Whether vertical or horizontal, geothermal energy involves digging (or owning) a well of the order of 80 to 100 m deep. A generator transforms the calories captured in the ground into usable energy in the henhouse since the heat distribution network is supplied by the sensor. But it has to be installed in the ground.
Also sometimes called the groundwater geothermal energy, the aquathermy makes it possible to draw heat from the heart of a water table or even in the water of a well. The advantage of water is that its temperature is constant.
It is at a generator that the calories are transmitted before feeding a heat distribution network in the henhouse. This is a solution that can be used by farmers with a well for drawing off the water equipped with a pump submerged and a discharge well located downstream of a source. Thanks to this type of installation, hens, ducks, turkeys and other backyard birds can enjoy a sufficient interior temperature to pass the winter without incident.
Radiant gas heating
If you have town gas (highly preferable to gas cylinders), this heating system represents a good solution to protect his backyard against winter temperatures. It is turned on and off as needed, so that energy is saved when there is sufficient sunlight for the comfort of the birds. However, if you want to use this type of heating, you must ensure that the room hasaerators in order to limit excess humidity because hens are very sensitive to it.
An entry-level model costs around € 50 while the price of a more sophisticated model ranges between € 300 and € 550.
Heated lighting for chicken coop
In this category we find theheat bulb or incandescent bulb. It’s about a infrared lamp representing a good compromise for heating a hen house with a large area. Of course, the more spacious the room, the more powerful the heat bulb should be. By making the right choice, we allow our gallinaceans to evolve in a pleasantly heated room, neither too much nor too little. In addition, with a heat lamp you kill two birds with one stone since it is also a lighting device. Thus, in addition to broadcasting a beautiful light in the henhouse, the bulb spreads a beneficial ambient heat.
We appreciate the fact that the infrared lamp can be suitable for both adult hens and chicks. But to raise chicks, it is essential to buy a specific heat lamp model from 125 W since during their first weeks of life, these juveniles need an ambient temperature of 38 ° C. We are therefore talking about a electric brooder which must be equipped with a protection system.
Thus, to choose a heating lamp it is necessary to take into account the age of the gallinaceae and therefore the use that one makes of this device, the area of the henhouse since the power of the lamp must be in relation.
The price of a lamp varies from 20 to 40 € depending on the model. You can also opt for a solar heat lamp whose price is around 100 €.
Installing an electric radiant heater in the chicken coop is a solution chosen by many breeders who have a small chicken coop. But it can be enough energy consuming if the room temperature is not monitored. No need to overheat it then. It is sufficient to set the device in frost-free position, or at most at a temperature of 4 ° C. The ideal is to buy a device with an automatic thermostat which activates as soon as the temperature is at 0 ° C and which stops as soon as it has risen sufficiently. We can find radiant heaters for chicken coop from 60 €.
Regardless of the solution chosen for heating a chicken coop, it should always be taken into account that hens need a constant temperature from the beginning to the end of winter. The heat must in any case be permed without being excessive. Be careful not to opt for an energy-intensive solution, on the grounds that it is quite simply cheaper to purchase and / or install. It is in the long term that the different devices must be compared. A heater can be very affordable to purchase and turn out to be three or four times more expensive to use than another without necessarily bringing a real comfort to chickens.
Finally, for all those who do not wish to install electricity in their henhouse, there is still the solution of hot bricks, but these only diffuse heat for a short time. This can only be a solution to adopt in a region where winters are insignificant …