Our young people and seniors represent more than 55% of the French population, or 38 million people.
The global health crisis we are going through has weakened us.
According to the Observatory of Student Life, 33% of students encountered financial difficulties during confinement, 19% of whom had to restrict their purchases of essentials.
More than one in ten young people are homeless or in a precarious situation: With the cost of housing, representing on average 55% of the budget of students and young workers, it is not surprising to note that 26% of them are unable to rent accommodation.
These figures are shivering as they reveal the abandonment of a youth left to itself in a period of crisis management from which no one will come out unscathed. Especially not her.
Bringing interactions and exchanges between individuals of all generations together, and in particular between students and seniors, is a sine qua none condition for the development, even survival, of societies which can only coexist if the transmission of knowledge is ensured.
It is a question of taking the measure of the precariousness of the young people while restoring a social utility to the elderly people often considered as unfit.
But how fight against the growing isolation of seniors while responding to the precariousness of young people?
Living together: a win / win pact
First, and I firmly believe in it: intergenerational housing. It must be reinforced, promoted, claimed.
An innovative housing policy is therefore essential in France, in particular promoting intergenerational cohabitation.
It is a question of palliating insufficient housing accessible to students by making it possible to renew a dialogue between two generations in suffering and particularly vulnerable in these troubled times.
The intergenerational housing solution would allow the senior not to be alone and keep his autonomy and the student to get out of a fragile and unstable economic situation.
Thus, if the young person is present at the senior’s home every day of the week, especially in the evening and on weekends, he is exempt from rent.
On the other hand, if he does not undertake to be present every day, he must pay a modest financial allowance between 100 and 200 euros per month.
Intergenerational residences, a solution for the future
France must draw inspiration from and further develop the German and Quebec models.
These establishments operate mainly thanks to volunteering and the financial participation of partner companies which find themselves in the issues of intergenerational and are committed to it.
In France, It will be necessary to wait until 2018 for the ELAN law to finally lay the new foundations for inclusive housing by allowing the creation of intergenerational housing.
Thus, the Mariannes Houses have created 31 intergenerational residences in France in partnership with various social landlords.
These are places of meeting and exchange that promote living together, release solidarity energies and energize the local fabric.
Those are multi-family buildings with 80 to 130 housing units offering apartments of type 1 to 5 fitted out to handicap standards.
A common room of 80m2 is arranged to promote exchanges, it includes a kitchen and dining area to encourage sharing.
The outdoor spaces are also planned to allow shared use, with the installation of a common vegetable garden, for example, which will again promote transmission.
310 euros / month.
Each city should make it possible to promote this mode of cohabitation: a senior, a student.
Why couldn’t we impose intergenerational housing in municipalities as we tax social housing?
The cost of real estate is becoming exorbitant in some large cities and becoming a homeowner can be an obstacle course for young working people with increasingly difficult credit criteria.
Among the other reflections likely to be carried out: facilitate the transmission of property by reducing gift tax.
In France, donation rights between parents and children are exempt up to 100,000 euros for each parent and each child every fifteen years.
My recommendation would be to take an example from Germany by reducing this period to ten years (instead of fifteen today) and provide for a greater exemption, up to 400,000 euros per parent and 200,000 euros for grandparents.
For families who can have this option, it is a considerable advance, especially for the middle classes.
Our elders have paid a heavy price during this health crisis and our youth are suffocating, but we must keep their voice audible because through them, the whole country is affected and the future of each family.
The observation cannot be that of failure but must force us to think of a more united and stronger society together with a role given to each.
This is the meaning of my human and republican commitment.