In order not to one day be confronted with the problem of obesity in your dog, it is very important to give him the right amount of food, neither too much nor too little. Food is the key to good health as long as it provides the animal with all the essential nutrients, but maintaining daily physical activity is just as fundamental. Let’s see without delay what is the ideal portion to give to your dog, a rather greedy domestic animal that does not often have to be restricted.
Dog: an animal victim of its gluttony
One in three dogs is obese. This domestic animal must be closely watched by its master because its gluttony is such that it tends to eat more than necessary. It is therefore imperative to ration it. But that does not mean that it should be deprived, far from it.
It is just essential to give him the quantity of useful food to be able to meet all his needs, knowing that his diet must consist of 70 to 75% of very good quality meat. This is an indication to know when giving your dog household food.
Note that these animals digest slowly. Their gluttony can therefore play tricks on them if their master pays no attention. If a dog is struggling with digestion, it may help to divide their daily ration into three or four portions for a while, until they are digesting better.
Dog food: rationing on a case-by-case basis
We don’t feed all dogs the same. Everyone should receive a daily food ration perfectly suited to his case. Thus, to properly feed his little companion in terms of quantities, the following points must be taken into account.
- His age,
- Her size,
- His gender,
- Its energy needs,
- His lifestyle,
- The particular situation he is going through (growth, illness, convalescence, gestation, old age, etc.),
- Whether it is sterilized or not.
It is obvious that the amount of food per day varies considerably depending on whether the dog is very young or senior, active or not. If it is a bitch, her food ration also varies when she is expecting young or nursing them compared to that given to a bitch who is neither pregnant nor lactating, but on the contrary sterilized, old and sedentary! Likewise, the portion of a chihuahua of a maximum of 3 kg is necessarily without any common measure with that of a German mastiff which can reach 90 kg!
Some owners get lost in it and make many mistakes that are harmful to the health of their animal. It certainly doesn’t start from a bad feeling, but it would be better if they followed the advice from the veterinarian. Of course, everyone knows, for example, that we do not distribute food together when we have several dogs. Everyone has their share for a personalized diet.
Daily dog food intake: a story of kilocalories and body mass
If we take the example of an adult dog, unsterilized, in perfect health, the amount of food to be given must be established according to their calorie level. Thus, a dog of this type whose normal weight is for example 10 kg must receive every day 370 kcal maximum to meet their needs. It is therefore necessary to read the packaging of your pâtés or croquettes in order to make a small calculation. If these foods have a caloric value of 300 kcal per 100 g, the ration should therefore be limited to 125 g.
It is common for a dog’s food intake to be calculated based on its body mass, as reported by dog food manufacturers. But be careful not to fall into the trap because with a overweight animal, we risk giving him too much to eat and consequently increase his overweight even further. Either way, a doggie is an individual in its own right, it is unique and his dietary needs are special.
However, assuming that in a normal situation, the adult dog should eat at least 2% of its weight and a maximum of 3%, this of course concerns a dog whose weight is completely within the norm, that is to say which is not overweight, otherwise this percentage should be revised downwards. The amounts of food can be reduced also in a sedentary dog who hardly moves from his basket because if he eats more than necessary, he will inevitably gain weight and be exposed to the risk of disease. Conversely, a very active dog, who expends a lot each day, can receive a slightly higher daily ration.
It is easy to check if your dog is overfed but also if he receives a sufficient daily portion. To do this, we weigh the doggie every three or four weeks and note its weight to establish a curve. This scrupulous follow-up may be submitted to the veterinarian for his opinion and sound advice.
Finally, in addition to the right amount of food to give your dog, you must also respect the frequency of rations. If as an adult he must eat only once or twice a day, the puppy can receive up to five daily rations. But again, it is necessary to determine the feeding program with the veterinarian. He knows the animal perfectly, knows what its needs are, depending on its age, state of health and lifestyle.