You have just welcomed a lovely kitten to our house. For him to accomplish his growth in optimal conditions and that it becomes a adult in good shape, you will need to meet your energy needs with a balanced diet and a frequency adapted to its age. Our advices.
Feeding a kitten before weaning
At birth, babies start by drinking the first milk (colostrum), which is rich in antibody, which protects them from infectious diseases. During the first weeks of life, they will continue to feed exclusively on milk maternal, source of nutrients essential for their growth. From the 5e week, the cat begins to distance itself from her offspring and rebuff when she wants to suck. Teeth growth makes breastfeeding more and more painful for her and weaning begins gradually and usually ends between the 6e and the 8e week.
Feeding an orphan kitten
If you have to take care of an orphaned kitten, the ideal solution is to find a mother of substitution. If this is not possible, you will need to bottle it until it is able to eat solid food. Before the age of one month, he cannot digest or excrete anything other than milk. You will need to get a special kitten bottle and milk from replacement in a pharmacy or at a veterinarian (no cow’s milk that it digests badly). Then, it should be fed every 3 hours, including at night, taking care of:
- Sterilize the bottle and the pacifier in a pot of boiling water for a few minutes;
- Dry utensils before use;
- Prepare the milk according to the instructions provided on the package;
- Place the pacifier in the kitten’s mouth and let it drink until it stops on its own;
- Massage the perineum of the kitten at the end of the meals because at this age, he cannot do his needs on his own.
Feeding the kitten during weaning
A kitten ready to be weaned, begins to nibble mother’s nipple (or bottle nipple) around 4 to 5 weeks of age. This painful behavior prompts the cat to repel her young and it is at this point that the transition must take place. When weaning time comes, consider changing the food of the young feline progressive in order to avoid the occurrence of disorders digestive. To facilitate the weaning process, it is advisable to:
- Gradually reduce the proportion of milk in favor of food solid ;
- Place a small amount of mash or croquettes in a bowl special for kitten. The store offers food to protein that it will digest very well during weaning;
- Offer a daily ration based on the indications supplied by the manufacturer;
- Add a little formula, water or meat juice to the bowl to soften the contents. Crush if necessary;
- Leave the meal in self-service because kittens eat mini portions throughout the day (however, be sure to throw away what has not been consumed after 24 hours);
- Monitor the amount of solid food ingested daily and adjust the doses depending on whether the kitten eats all or on a leash;
- Distribute some small extras, such as pieces of finely chopped cooked chicken or tuna;
- Put somewater permanently available.
Kitten growth: to watch
The growth of the kitten is very fast. At birth, he weighs around 100 g and then gains 10 to 15 g per day (roughly 100 g per week). At this rate, he doubles his birth weight in 10 days and multiplies it by 6 in about 2 months. Tracking weight during growth can be used as an indicator of healthy of the kitten. To make sure it is growing well, it is best to weigh every day at fixed times for the first two weeks then every week up to 3 months and finally twice a month. Its weight should always be superior at the weighing former. At the end of growth, weight gain slows down. If it is stable for several weeks in a row, your cat has finished puberty and reached full size. adult. Note: before the age of 5 months, a stagnation of the weight should alert you and make you consult a veterinarian.
Food: the specific needs of the kitten
Higher than those of an adult cat, the needs energetic of a growing kitten remain high for up to 12 weeks, then gradually decline. A specific food aimed at strengthening its muscles and bone should be served. Each of his meals will thus include a diet composed of at least one third of animal protein (meet fish). In addition, it will be wise to change the type of food regularly, otherwise the kitten may get bored or refuse the new flavors that you will offer him later. AT a year, the feline is ready to abandon the special kitten diet. There are Premium adult foods that perfectly meet the dietary needs of felines using quality raw materials. You can choose to feed your animal at times fixed (two or three meals a day) or to leave him his bowl permanently so that he can eat as soon as he is gripped by hunger.