It is essential to take your dog to the vet regularly for routine visits, in addition to emergency consultations in the event of a problem of course. This medical surveillance is absolutely essential to prevent many diseases. Let’s see how to organize the veterinary follow-up of his dog at any age in order to protect his health throughout his life, as recommended by the practitioners.
Calendar of veterinary consultations for dogs
As a general rule, veterinarians strongly advise instituting a regularity of check-ups. The frequency varies depending on whether it is a puppy, an adult dog or a senior dog.
Frequency of consultations for the puppy
For the puppy up to the age of 6 months the veterinarian should be able to examine the young animal once every 8 weeks.
From 6 months to 1 years old, the check-ups are recommended by the veterinarian because their frequency varies depending on the breed of the animal, its state of health, the vaccines received or to be received and therefore any second injections or reminders that are necessary.
Frequency of consultations for adult dogs
Dog vaccination is not compulsory, except in special cases, but it is strongly recommended. Each year, the animal must therefore receive vaccine boosters to be protected against many diseases and it also helps prevent their transmission to other dogs, even humans. At the same time, a dog must be dewormed, at least once a year.
During this annual consultation intended for vaccination and deworming, the master has every interest in asking the veterinarian to carry out a check-up, a sort of check-up strongly recommended by these professionals.
Frequency of consultations for the senior dog
Dogs fall into the category of seniors at different ages depending on the breed to which they belong, namely:
- From 9 years old for small breed dogs,
- At 8 years old for medium breed dogs,
- At 7 years old for large breed dogs,
- From 6 years old for giant breed dogs.
The signs of aging therefore appear sooner or later.
The senior dog must be able to benefit from a specific follow-up to live his old age as best as possible because it is at this period of life that he begins to be more exposed to the risks of obesity, diabetes, cataracts, liver failure, kidney failure or even problems heart for example, even cancer. His joints become painful, his visual acuity but also hearing can decline, skin problems multiply. It is also at this age that older dogs suffer more from dental problems than others, so it is essential to have their teeth checked.
So let’s remember that the healthy senior dog must be seen by the vet every six months. But the senior dog who presents a chronic pathology must of course benefit from closer inspection visits, which can take place every three months or even every month if necessary and even more frequently.
The veterinarian knows perfectly well the state of health of his little patient and his needs in terms of monitoring. It is therefore better that the master of the dog relies on the consultation schedule indicated by the practitioner and follow the recommendations of this professional.
Interest of the check up or annual report for the dog
A check-up is not intended only for sick or elderly dogs. It is also very useful for dogs in excellent health even if they are still young. Let us not forget that some diseases set in insidiously, regardless of age, and are initially asymptomatic.
A early diagnosis allows the animal to be treated as soon as possible and to increase the chances of recovery. This diagnosis is only possible if the owner takes his dog to the veterinarian. This is part of the responsibilities of a dog owner who commits, as soon as the animal is adopted, to take care of your health.
It is important that a dog can undergo a check up at least every twelve months. This annual check-up is a kind of complete review which consists of monitoring the health of the animal. It can be done more frequently in dogs with fragile health regardless of their age or even in senior dogs. The veterinarian therefore reviews:
- Body temperature,
- Blood pressure,
- The eyes,
- The teeth,
- The weight,
- The skin,
- The heart,
- The genital system,
- The abdomen,
To establish the health check-up, the veterinarian performs various exams as well as blood and urine tests. In view of the results obtained, he can set up a treatment protocol if necessary.
Admittedly, the check up is expensive, but animal health insurances offer formulas including preventive acts, which allows the owner of the animal to be partially or fully reimbursed for the expenses incurred for a health check-up.