It is essential to plant plant species particularly sought after by pollinating insects because in addition to preserving biodiversity they devour a number of garden pests. Let’s see what are the main pollinating insects that we can meet in our latitudes and which plants to favor to attract them.
Our main pollinating insects to preserve
The garden is home to thousands of insects. Among them, there are those which one seeks to eradicate by all means because they create serious damage on vegetable plants, fruit trees and ornamental plants, but there are also some which prove to be of great utility since they preserve biodiversity by allowing natural reseeding. These are the pollinating insects that we need preserve.
Passing from flower to flower, pollinating insects perpetuate plant species since they transport seeds at random in their flight and facilitate cross-pollination. It is even said that without bees, life would not be possible since plants allow herbivores to subsist and carnivores to feed. Allowing plants to reproduce, the pollinating insects that we can attract to our gardens are of course bees but also for example:
- The beetles such as beetles, ladybirds, lucanes, noble edemera, gendarmes,
- The dermaptera among which we find the forticles (ear clip or earwig) but a small number. Forticules in the garden cause damage if they multiply excessively because these individuals feed on fruits, buds, petals …,
- The diptera such as hoverflies, flies,
- The hymenopteraincluding bees of course, bumblebees, wasps, ants,
- The Lepidoptera, that is to say the butterflies …
Certain pollinators are particularly efficient because they are able to gather countless flowers in the space of a few hours. This is of course the case withbee which forages relentlessly to be able to feed all the occupants of the hive, whether they are adults or larvae. The bumblebee and the ant are also among the champions in this area. For information, there are not only pollinating insects. In other latitudes, hummingbirds are also notable foragers.
Be careful, however: not all bugs that settle in plants are pollinators. The spider for example (which is an arachnid and not an insect) is only there to trap a number of pollinators on which it feeds. Besides, its attitude is very different from that of the foragers: it weaves its web between the stems and the leaves and crouches there while waiting for its prey, but it does not pass from one plant to another.
The different solutions to attract pollinating insects
Multiplying plants is by far the best solution to allow pollinators to survive. And this holds as much if you have a garden as a simple balcony because even in the heart of the city, it is quite possible to do a gesture for nature. A few honey plants in planters or pots are enough to attract them. Of course, the larger the natural space, the more we can multiply plant species.
Among other things, we favor:
- The flowery meadow which consists of a multitude of wild flowers such as:
- The clover of the meadows,
- The Meadowsweet,
- The Primrose,
- The Daisy,
- The mustard,
- Eschscholtzia or California Poppy,
- The Poppy,
- La Bourdaine,
- Yarrow …
- The trees and shrubs as :
- The viburnum,
- The Privet,
- The black elderberry,
- The Seringat,
- The hazel tree,
- The Lilac,
- The Raspberry,
- The Cotoneaster,
- The Japanese Quince,
- The fragrant honeysuckle,
- The Buddleia which rightly bears the nickname butterfly tree,
- The Tree of Judea …
- The aromatic plants as :
- Lemon balm,
- The citrus with very fragrant flowers among which:
- The Lemon Tree,
- The Kumquat,
- The Mandarin tree,
- The Grapefruit …
- The ornamental plants as :
- Buenos Aires Verbena,
- The hemp leaf spring,
This list is far from exhaustive. Thus, depending on the weather of his region, of ground, of the’exposure that we can offer to plants and type of culture desired (in the ground or in pots), everyone can choose different species of honey plants, the ideal being to opt for the diversity. To enjoy a flowery natural space throughout the year, it is recommended to choose your plants with the other criterion of choice.flowering staggering which will also benefit the garden friendly insects. This is the best way to combine business with pleasure.
Set up an insect hotel to attract pollinators
Very trendy, the insect hotel is marketed in garden centers, supermarkets and on Internet sites. Easy to create with recycled materials, it is a small accessory to build with the children to allow useful insects to take refuge and reproduce. This insect shelter should preferably be set up at the end of winter, but nothing prevents setting it up in the garden during summer or autumn. It will be fully ready for the following spring and will be able to accommodate a wide variety of guests. So that its tenants feel good there, it is necessary to reserve a place of choice at the hotel with insects.
Finally, it seems essential to us to specify that attracting pollinating insects is good, but doing everything possible so that they do not die is better. It is therefore essential to do not abuse insecticides because browsers are very sensitive to it. For their protection, the gardener must adopt good phytosanitary practices.