To successfully maintain your vegetable garden and carefully prepare the soil for future plantings or the lawn, the tiller is a powerful ally. Practical, fast and above all comfortable, it allows you to prepare your garden without the constraint of the spade and the pickaxe, that is to say more easily and more quickly. However, it is not always easy to find the right model. Let’s take stock to better guide you in your choice.
What is the tiller for?
The tiller is a device that is used to plow the soil of the vegetable patch or the garden and to crumble it to a certain depth. Thus, he prepares the ground for planting the future vegetable crop, plants or even lawns. It is also a practical tool for weeding your garden without constraint and respecting the soil and its natural humidity by favorable aeration of the soil.
The tiller is often confused with the tiller, which is another gardening device. It must be said that it fulfills the same missions, but its level of performance is not as high. It is a lighter and more manageable tool equipped with cutters which make it possible to turn and mix the soil. Nevertheless, the tiller is a machine which works more in depth and with more precision. Equipped with two wide wheels and equipped with several speeds, it is heavier, but also more efficient than the tiller. It is therefore the most recommended device for maintaining larger spaces requiring intensive plowing.
How to choose your tiller?
To choose the right tiller for your needs, here are the criteria we recommend that you take into account.
The surface to be prepared
The tiller must be sized according to the surface to be worked. Use a model suitable for the area to be covered and the desired plowing depth to choose the number of cutters needed. For example, for more than 1000 m² to be treated 50 to 80 cm deep, 6 cutters are ideal.
The depth to plow
Most models allow the soil to be turned over to a depth of 15 to 60 cm. Select your tiller taking into account this criterion in order to properly prepare your soil. Also consider its possible irregularities and its nature, as some types of soil need to be more ventilated than others.
For areas of less than 1000 m², a tiller with a power of 3 HP will be sufficient. It is indeed used very well for the beautification of a garden and the surface plowing of a vegetable garden. For more than 1000 m², opt for a 5 to 8 HP model, more suited to large vegetable gardens and soil work requiring optimal rendering.
The tiller is a relatively expensive machine, especially because of its performance. This is the reason why it is not recommended for small gardens which can be satisfied with a tiller, less expensive (100 to 500 euros on average), but less efficient. Count at least 600 euros to be sure to invest in a quality tiller.
The different parts of the tiller
To choose the right tiller, we recommend that you pay attention to the following three elements:
- The plough : this part is used for digging furrows in the ground. It can be single-blade, double-blade (reversible plow) or tilting blade (vineyard plow). The single blade allows a single furrow to be cut in only one direction and is sufficient for small areas. The double blade and the tilting blade make two furrows and plow in both directions. These models are recommended for plowing medium and large areas with greater comfort and speed.
- The rear flap : this optional shutter is recommended to perfect your finishes and to protect you from projections of earth, stones and various debris.
- Forward and reverse : all tillers are obviously equipped with a forward function, but reverse gear is not systematic. Still, it’s a very comfortable option, as it saves you a lot of difficult U-turns and is also of great help if you get stuck against an obstacle. This is a function that involves an additional cost, but the comfort of which is undeniable.