If it is possible to recharge the batteries of your electric vehicle more and more easily in the public domain thanks to charging systems made available to users by local communities, in public car parks, shopping centers, in gas stations, etc., the majority of electric car owners choose to charge their vehicle at home, at their workplace for professionals.
It is possible to connect your vehicle to a simple household outlet, but the most efficient solution in terms of charging time and safety consists in installing a charging station, most often called a wallbox. What are the rules for installing this type of equipment? Which professional can install a charging station? Are specific qualifications required?
When should you call in a professional to install your charging station?
The owners of electric cars or plug-in hybrids have several solutions to charge the batteries of their vehicle. Whether individuals or professionals, all have the possibility of plugging their electric car into charging stations available in the public domain, in public car parks, shopping centers or others.
However, being able to charge your electric vehicle completely independently by being equipped with an individual charging station is the solution that turns out to be the most comfortable. Thus, an individual has the full possibility of installing a charging station, also called a wallbox, at his home (outside or in his garage for example if it is a detached house), or on his private parking space if he resides in a condominium.
Likewise, companies can install charging stations in their parking lots or in their warehouse, for example, in order to facilitate the charging of their fleet of electric vehicles or those of their employees.
There are different types of charging stations which differ mainly according to the power they deliver, most often a minimum power of 3 kW, and which can go well beyond 50 kW, especially with regard to charging systems. intended for professionals.
The installation of charging stations for individuals, as for businesses, is strictly regulated by law. Thus, decree n ° 2017-26 of January 12, 2017 stipulates that “ Excluding infrastructures with a total power less than or equal to 3.7 kW installed in a private residential building or in an outbuilding of a private residential building or whose main function is not to recharge electric vehicles and which are not accessible to the public, the charging infrastructure is installed by professionals holding a qualification for the installation of said charging infrastructure issued by an accredited qualification body “.
In other words, any installation of a charging station with a power equal to or greater than 3.7 kW must be carried out by a qualified professional.
A charging station installer must be certified and qualified
The installation of a charging station with a power equal to or greater than 3.7 kW must therefore be carried out by a certified and qualified professional.
This professional is generally an electrician. The latter must hold a qualification with the mention “Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles (IRVE)”. To obtain this certification, the charging station installer must undergo specific training which consists of 3 different levels:
- level 1: installation of charging stations up to 22 kW, without specific configuration for communication and supervision;
- level 2: installation of charging stations up to 22 kW, with configuration for communicating terminals and station supervision;
- level 3: installation of fast charging stations of more than 22 kW.
These training courses must be approved by one of these two official bodies: the reference association for the qualification of electricity professionals (Qualifelec) or the French standardization association (Afnor). The IRVE mention qualification is issued by these organizations for a period of 4 years.
Note: in addition to the fact that a charging station installer must be certified and qualified, you should also know that the installation of a charging station itself must imperatively comply with the electrical standard NFC 15-100 .
Calling on an IRVE-qualified charging station installer is necessary to be eligible for public aid
Whether you are an individual or a professional, calling on a qualified installer with the IRVE designation to equip yourself with a charging station with a power equal to or greater than 3.7 kW is an obligation, and especially the guarantee of ” deal with an installer who has all the qualifications required to install this equipment in the best possible conditions.
Having your charging station installed by a certified electrician is also one of the conditions for being able to benefit from the aid put in place by the public authorities to promote the development of electric vehicles that are more respectful of the environment.
This aid takes several forms: the ADVENIR premium for companies, but also for individuals who live in an apartment building, and a tax credit for individuals who install a charging station in their individual home. Some local authorities also offer grants to help individuals who equip themselves with an individual charging station.