If connecting a gas stove may seem simple for many individuals, this operation is nevertheless more complex than it seems. Indeed, gas is a dangerous source of energy that must be handled with care. To avoid any gas leak and the dangers that ensue, it is important to ensure that your gas stove is correctly connected to an installation that meets standards. Let’s do a check in.
How to connect a gas stove?
You have opted for a gas stove and you intend to supply it with town gas or a gas cylinder for cooking your food. You can connect a new or used gas stove to one of these solutions, the only operating condition being the installation of the correct injectors and the connection pipe. Indeed, the gas stoves sold in the trade are equipped by default with injectors for town gas, but they are equipped with a set of injectors for bottled gas, because the two devices require different burners. Likewise, it is important to buy the right connection pipe for your installation, knowing that it connects the gas stove to the gas source.
Here are the steps to follow to connect your gas stove.
Step 1: check the stopcock
For homes that receive city gas, the connection includes a gas inlet valve to which the connection pipe must be connected. Before making this connection, it is essential to check the correct conformity and the nature of the shut-off valve. Only the standard standardized valve and the ROAI type valve (integrated automatic shut-off valve) comply with the standards in force. If you have one of these taps, you can connect your hose.
Be careful, because devices without a tap or fitted with a tap with a welded end without screws are not legal. These installations are dangerous and present a risk of leakage and explosion. Consequently, they are prohibited and require upgrading to standards before any gas stove connection.
Step 2: choosing the connection pipe
Three types of connection pipes are accepted for gas cooking:
- The flexible connection pipe : this pipe remains the most common. However, this pipe cannot be connected directly to the tap; a special tip (pacifier) is required. In addition, these hoses have a limited service life, which is indicated on their rubber surface. It is imperative to replace them before they expire.
- The flexible screwable hose : this hose is very practical since it can be connected directly to the shut-off valve by screwing it, or even to the gas stove. This hose also has a limited life, but there are stronger models with unlimited life.
- The rigid connection : this type of connection is to be made for built-in and inaccessible gas stoves. This is still the safest solution for these installations, but it should be done by a professional.
Step 3: connecting the gas stove
The first step should be to shut off the gas supply before any intervention.
With a standardized shut-off valve with no screw, all you have to do is screw the hose onto it and connect the pipe to the gas stove.
With a non-standardized tap, without screws, it is necessary to connect the pipe to the tap, to pass a clamp on the pipe and to tighten it with a screwdriver. At the gas stove, the connection is made with a teat and a clamp.
At the end of the installation, always make sure that the connections are tightened using multigrip pliers.
What are the precautions to be observed?
To successfully connect and use your gas stove safely, certain precautions must be observed. Know that since 1er July 1966, all new constructions and modified gas connection installations must be equipped with an ROAI or an automatic shut-off safety valve. These are the only completely sealed devices that prevent a gas leak.
Here are the precautionary points to be observed:
- As soon as you touch the gas connection, systematically shut off the supply beforehand using the shut-off valve, located near the meter.
- The control valve must always be accessible and located between 5 and 170 cm from the floor.
- The validity date of a rubber hose is a maximum of 10 years. It is imperative to replace the hose as soon as it expires. Stainless steel pipes have an unlimited life, but they are more expensive.
- For your installation, be sure to place the correct burners on your gas stove (for town gas or bottled gas).
You may have known it, but under the agreement signed in 2017 between the Ministry of Housing and Sustainable Habitat, ANAH and GRDF, you can claim a free diagnosis of your gas installation, aid for the replacement of a control valve for an equipment or for the purchase of new secure equipment, as well as the free delivery of a metal hose with unlimited life to make your connection.
In the event of a gas leak, here are the simple actions to perform:
- Open your doors and windows.
- Turn off the gas.
- Leave the accommodation and call the fire department. Do not make any calls or operate any device likely to generate sparks in the home.
- Stay outside the accommodation until the firefighters arrive and wait for their agreement to reenter.