You bought a hamster from a pet store and you want to know its age? Unfortunately, you will never have a precise answer because there is no way to know the age of a hamster without knowing its date of birth and apart from its first month of life.
A few points of reference during the first month of a hamster’s life
The first month of life is the only period in which it is possible to assess the age of a hamster. Indeed, its growth takes place according to a well-known pattern.
At birth, baby hamsters are destitute because they are born naked, blind and deaf. Their limbs are not fully developed.
On the 3rd day, dark spots appear on his skin.
On the 4th day, the ears open.
The fur then appears between the 5th and 10th day.
Baby hamsters begin to eat solid food brought by their mothers around day 8.
It takes about 10 days for them to open their eyes. They can also wash on their own. They are able to eat seeds.
The first outings from the nest do not occur until around the 14th day. It is from this age that one can consider touching them, provided it is brief. The goal is not to hug them but simply to get them used to contact with humans. You have to be very careful not to hurt them by manipulating them.
It is around the 21st day that they are autonomous.
Babies should be separated from the mother and placed in a separate cage between the 22nd and 26th day.
On the 30th day, the babies are separated by sex to prevent too young females from being pregnant. At this age, hamsters are not yet adults: they must therefore be placed away, between young people of an age of less than 4 months, because in the event of conflict, the youngest do not have the strength to to defend oneself.
Some weight and size benchmarks
In the hamster, the size does not make it possible to assess its age either, as the range is wide. However, there is a minimum size and weight that the animal must achieve in order to be considered healthy and claim to have a long life. For an adult Russian hamster, the animal must be at least 6 cm long or 40 g. Otherwise, it is because he has encountered a growth problem which may be the expression of a problem of consanguinity, genetic defect, rickets, disease or weaning.
However, we can assess the normality of the weight / height ratio hamster.
From 4 months and for a Russian hamster, for example, it is based on a ratio of 8 to 10 grams per centimeter. Thus, a Russian hamster of 7 cm should weigh between 56 and 70 g. If its weight is less than 56 g, the animal is too thin, if it is over 70 g, the hamster is too big.
Why know the age of your hamster?
It is very important to know the precise age of your hamster when you want reproduce your animals. In addition to age, it is even necessary to know the breed of animals as well as their lineage. Without this information, you are playing with fire, risking the life of the mother and the young. Indeed, a female hamster that is too young or too old can die in gestation. If the parents are from the same family, babies can suffer from health problems related to inbreeding.
This information is only known if you adopt a hamster from a farm. In a pet store, animals can be of various ages, without you being able to know their date of birth. However, apart from this data, it is impossible to assess the age of a hamster.
The color of a hamster’s teeth does not give any information, as it can be in other animals.
The reproduction of hamsters is an activity reserved for professionals or enthusiasts with specific knowledge about the life of hamsters.
The life of a hamster is certainly short: usually 2 to 3 years at most. And maybe you hope to know the age of your pet to count the days you have left to live with him? Forget this idea and keep in mind only one goal: to take care of your hamster.
Domesticity is often associated with an increase in lifespan compared to what an animal can experience in the wild. Alas, for hamsters, it is not. A wild hamster can expect to live just as much as a domestic hamster. The main explanation is that hamsters are fragile animals that rarely find homes capable of meeting all of their needs.
By carefully documenting yourself before welcoming a hamster into your home, taking the time to understand its feeding and hygiene needs, and understanding the fact that what promotes premature death in hamsters often lies in handling excessive and careless, you may be able to live with your small animal for more than 3 years. A record of longevity has also been recorded at 10 years for a wild hamster. Without necessarily aiming so much, you can expect to exceed 3 years by really taking care of your hamster.