A cat can be the target of internal and external parasites to which it is frequently exposed, whether inside the house or outside. This scourge therefore concerns both the adventurer kitty and the so-called apartment cat which remains well sealed. Some of these unwanted people transmit parasitic diseases which the little feline could do without. It is therefore essential to know the different solutions to protect your cat in order to prevent rather than cure. Let’s see what are the main parasites in cats and what solution to use to protect their little feline.
The different parasites of the cat
There are two main categories: internal parasites and external parasites. The first are frequently transmitted by the second as we will see.
Fleas are legion and rampant in every season. Their eggs and larvae are found only in the environment, whether it is outdoors – in rural or urban areas – or inside the dwelling, and it is only once they get there. adulthood that the flea takes up residence on the cat’s body. It therefore becomes its host and the flea feeds on its blood. While licking, the little feline ingests fleas but as they contain larvae of Dipylidium caninum (tapeworm), the cat’s intestine is contaminated. His worm infestation can become very important.
Fleas also transmit Bartonella henselae bacteria through their bites when they are themselves parasitized. It is then the red blood cells of the kitty that are infected. The disease caused by these bacteria is called bartonellosis. It must be treated.
It is especially during the periods from March to June then from August to early November that ticks most infest cats. They transmit single-celled parasites – protozoa, bacteria – which can for example be the cause of anemia. They also transmit Lyme disease.
Augustat (Trombicula autumnalis) is at most 0.3 mm. It is therefore difficult to detect with the naked eye. Those are the larvae chiggers that settle on the skin of the cat like many other warm-blooded animals, and feed on the cells. These parasites are the cause of unbearable itching.
Other plagues for small cats, parasitic fungi, some of them (dermatophytes) being at the origin of the cat ringworm, a mycotic disease that affects the skin, extremely contagious, and which can also be transmitted to humans.
The problem with dermatophytes is that they are microscopic fungi whose spores contaminate the cat’s environment, and they prove to be very resistant. They are present outside as well as inside and not visible to the naked eye. They can be found on rugs, beds, carpets. Eliminating them is not easy.
Mite Otodectes cynotis
It is he who is at the origin of the ear mites. It lodges in the ear canal where it feeds and lays eggs. The cat will scratch its ear (or both, as these parasites can quite colonize both ears of an animal), shake its head, and if the infestation is heavy it develops a otitis (inflammation). The signs do not deceive since we can see a significant discharge of crumbly and black earwax.
It can be noted that the ear mites is easily transmitted from one animal to another by close contact, so that cats living in communities (breeding, shelter) are particularly affected by this disease.
Parasite protection solutions in cats
It is throughout the year that it is necessary to protect your cat against the various parasites of which it can be the prey. To do this, there are different solutions.
Impeccable home hygiene
The whole environment in which the cat evolves must be scrubbed down to the smallest corner because fleas are everywhere and grow quickly. Carpets, furniture, bedding, joints between the parquet slats, closet bottoms, cat basket… everything must be scrutinized. The house should be vacuumed carefully, washed frequently, and treated from time to time against fleas. This protects the cat against parasites of course, but also the other pets of the household as well as all the members of the family who can also be infested.
Systematic inspection of the cat when returning from a walk
It is important to check a cat’s undercoat when it comes home from an outdoor getaway, whether in town or in the country. This helps to find any ticks. The smallest tick should be removed as quickly as possible with a tick remover. It is also possible to ask the vet to take care of it.
But regardless of the kitty lifestyle, it is essential that they are brushed at least every third day if they are shorthaired and every day if they are a longhair cat.
Regular use of antiparasitics
Many owners are tempted to protect their cats against parasites with natural products so that their little ones do not suffer the harmful effects of chemicals.
However, in the event of an infestation, only chemical products prescribed by the veterinarian prove to be extreme efficiency. Always seek advice from the veterinarian before purchasing a pest control. There are growth regulating products that prevent fleas from growing and flea control products that aim to kill fleas. Flea flea products are marketed in different forms: in pipette, collar, tablet, spray or integrated in lotions and shampoos.
We prefer those with long action since they remain active for several weeks. This does not prevent the treatment from being repeated from time to time. Flea repellent can be given to the cat every 4 or 5 weeks, as long as it is not sensitive to the product. Must also worm your cat regularly, always on the advice of the veterinarian.
In regards to natural antiparasitics, better avoid those based on essential oils because if they are suitable for the dog, it is not the same for the cat. The little feline is highly sensitive to essential oils even when they are simply diffused into the ambient air. They are toxic to cats.
However, we can use the diatomaceous earth to protect her cat against parasites because she does not cause any problem in these sensitive animals. It is a powder made from algae which is sprinkled on the coat of the little feline during a brushing session, its basket, cupboards, etc. Diatomaceous earth acts preventively, but the operation must be repeated regularly.
In preventing parasites, it is finally possible to equip your cat with a bioenergetic medal anti-ticks and fleas which emits a vibratory field around the kitty. It is water resistant, contains no toxic products, presents no danger to humans and animals, is perfectly suitable for pregnant or nursing cats and remains effective for 18 to 24 months. Its effect is comparable to those obtained with homeopathic principles. This medal costs around thirty euros.
Watch out for permethrin, toxic to cats! Antiparasitics which contain permethrin, a molecule causing poisoning in cats, which are particularly sensitive to it, are absolutely avoided. In the most severe cases, permethrin can be fatal in these pets.