Any parasite is susceptible to transmit disease. The dog is very exposed to this risk since it can be infested whatever its age and its physical condition or even its lifestyle because these undesirable ones are everywhere, in closed environment as outside. It should also be noted that dog parasites have a health hazard for humans. Protecting your dog against parasites is therefore fundamental because it allows everyone to avoid certain health problems. Here is a brief overview of the main dog parasites, the signs that may raise suspicion of an infestation and the protection solutions recommended by veterinarians.
External and internal parasites of the dog
The ectoparasites are external parasites. They settle on the dog’s skin and then feed on its blood. They are therefore hematophagous. In this way, they create lesions. In some cases, the dog may be allergic to their saliva. But there are external parasites that transmit pathogens to their host. These enter the body, causing serious and even fatal illnesses. Here are the main ectoparasites of dogs and the diseases for which they are responsible:
- The chip : DAPP (dermatitis caused by allergy to flea bites), tapeworm (following the ingestion by the dog of fleas carrying cestode worm larvae Dipylidium caninum) …
- The tick : tick-borne encephalitis, piroplasmosis (babesiosis), anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, Lyme disease (borreliosis),
- Augustat (larva): allergic reaction (trombiculosis),
- Mite Sarcoptes Scabiei : sarcoptic mange in dogs …
In addition to tapeworm, others to internal parasites can colonize the dog’s intestine such as whipworms, hookworms or roundworms, for example …
Dog infested with a parasite: signs to look out for
External parasites leave feces in the undercoat, but you can also easily spot a tick or see fleas running on the animal. As for worms, they are detectable in dog feces.
Apart from these visual signs, symptoms vary depending on the parasite of course, external or internal. The infested dog may therefore present the following signs, depending on the case:
- A dull coat,
- A change in appetite (loss or on the contrary significant increase),
- Weight loss,
- A weakening of the general condition …
At the puppy, who may have been contaminated by her mother’s milk or even before her birth through the placenta, there may be growth retardation.
At the slightest suspicion, a consultation with the veterinarian is required.
Antiparasitic for dogs: an essential means of protection
The owner who notices one or more symptoms that may suggest the presence of internal or external parasites must take his dog to the veterinarian. In this way, the cause of the symptoms can be identified with certainty and the practitioner will indicate which type of pest control to use.
It is necessary that treat the dog affected by parasites but also all its environment as well as the other animals of the household in order to put an end to the infestation and to control the contamination.
Antiparasitics effective against external parasites are:
- Acaricide baths,
- Pest control collars,
- Pipettes or spot on,
- Antiparasitic shampoos,
- Spray treatments.
You should know that the pest control products that are placed on the fur or the skin of the animal lose their effectiveness when the dog bathes, unlike the drug.
As to dewormers, in tablets, pipettes or paste, they represent a good curative and preventive solution against internal parasites. As a guide, the dog over 12 months of age should be dewormed every 6 months, and the puppy once every 8 to 12 weeks during its first year.
At the same time, it is absolutely essential tomaintain the house regularly without forgetting every corner. Towels and bed linen must be washed frequently, mattresses and box springs vacuumed or even treated. It is preferable not to let the dog climb on the beds, because this runs the risk of being contaminated by fleas for example, but also by worms. Sharing the environment with your pet requires taking certain precautions, such as washing your hands after touching them, and special care should be taken when there are young children in the family.