The size of the fig tree is special because it varies according to the method of fruiting of this fruit tree and local climate. This pruning, which requires suitable material, helps to promote fruiting, to contain the development of the fig tree or to remove dead wood and rejects but also to give it a nice silhouette. However, it should be moderate. Let’s find out the pruning method to adopt depending on whether the fig tree is unified or biferous, knowing that in no case should it be drastic, on the contrary. Pruning the fig tree is therefore an art. Let’s do a check in.
Material adapted to the size of the fig tree
To perform a safe size but also for do not hurt the fig tree, it is recommended to have:
- Protective gloves,
- Protective glasses,
- A very stable scaffolding ladder,
- With a handle shears,
- From a secateurs,
- A weeder for branches located very high,
- A pruning saw or pruner.
The pruner is especially useful for branches with a diameter greater than 5 cm.
Before pruning your fig trees, it is essential tosharpen blades of its various tools in order to obtain clean cuts, and disinfect his tools before and after use. This precaution is essential to limit the risk of disease transmission from one tree to another. The ideal is to pass each blade to the flame.
Bifère fig tree pruning
The bifère fig tree is distinguished by its two annual fruiting bodies. His autumn figs, which form the first generation of fruits of a fig tree, develop on the shoots of the year, in the axils of the leaves but generally only in the southern regions. A second generation fruit then appears, then pauses throughout the winter as soon as the leaves fall. The growth of these ” figs flowers »Does not resume until spring so that they mature in summer. We can then harvest them in July.
The pruning of the bifère fig tree is only used in the northernmost regions, taking care of the following particularities.
- Spring pruning of the biferous fig tree : only the branches carrying “flowering figs” are blunted, then during the month of May, the lateral shoots furthest from the carpenter are to be eliminated, namely those which emerge from the point of insertion of the fruits.
- Summer pruning of the biferous fig tree : during the hot season, when the harvest of “flowering figs” is finished, pruning is carried out in order to promote the growth of the side shoots that were spared in spring. They can then wear the autumn figs. To do this, it is advisable to remove only the parts which gave fruit in summer, namely the “flowering figs”.
However, be careful of don’t be too harsh in terms of the size of biferous fig trees in the regions soft climate since these fruit trees are likely, in these particularly mild conditions, to produce beautiful figs all year round. We recommend that you remove only the weakened branches and the dead wood which unnecessarily weigh down the fig trees and no longer bear fruit.
Pruning of the fig tree
The fig tree is unified which does not give only one annual harvest. It is only on the shoots of the year that figs develop. Improper pruning can ruin production, so it is important to take great care and it is usually only necessary in regions with winters marked by low temperatures because the frost tends to burn the branches.
We are especially careful to encourage the fig tree to produce suckers by carrying out, in March and not before, a pruning of branches affected by frost. In this way the fig tree is driven into a bush since the shoots start from the base. This leaves free rein to the natural. This is called the clipping or driving clipping. The buds draw the sap upwards and are therefore retained.
It can be noted that the cépée size should also be reserved for old fig trees whose branches are completely entangled to such an extent that their silhouette is totally lacking in harmony. But above all, these aged fig trees which seem to have been abandoned no longer bear fruit. However, even if we think that it is no longer possible to get anything out of them, it is fundamental to give them a minimum of attention by cutting them in the rules of the art because it is so that they find a balanced shape and vigor sufficient to bear fruit again.
It is understandable that before tackling the size of this emblematic fruit tree of the South, it is necessary to know whether its fig tree is uniferous or bifère and also to pay attention to the local climate. The size should not be too severe, but just enough to allow different generations of figs to develop and reach full maturity in order to be harvested.
As is the case with any tree, the size of the fig tree allows anyway to ventilate the heart of the tree so that it takes advantage of the air and the light, retains its resistance and a pretty habit. . In the southern areas, a fig tree size every 2 to 3 years is sufficient. But if you want to limit the production of the number of figs to harvest larger fruits, it is often enough to prune this fruit tree every year. The main one is do not traumatize the tree. This is why we recommend light cuts rather than too invasive.