For most people, a cat is an extremely independent animal that cannot be trained. However, contrary to popular belief, it is quite possible to make a cat understand that what he is doing is wrong, or on the contrary congratulate him, whatever his age. The key is knowing how to do it at the right time, and in the right way.
Rewarding a cat: the right way to do it
While a dog can easily be praised, whether it be with a hug, a soft congratulation, or a treat, the cat will ask for a way to do it a little more precise so that it can understand that you are satisfied with his behavior.
First of all, it is essential to reward the cat at the right time. Indeed, it will be necessary to make sure to reward him precisely when he has done what you expected of him, such as coming down from a table when you ask him, or if he comes to see you after you have called him. .
If the reward or congratulation does not come even five minutes after the action in question, the cat will not associate the action he took with the gift you gave him, and he will not be. especially motivated to obey you the next time you try to give him the same command.
Now that you know when the perfect time to reward the cat is, it remains to be seen what to do it with.
Overall, we can reward a cat as we reward a dog, that is to say with a caress, with the voice or with a little treat, but with our feline friends much more than for dogs, it is above all the treat that will make them understand their good deed.
However, avoid rewarding him with the same croquettes or the same pâté as his usual meals, which would risk making him wrongly understand that he is entitled to more meals than usual during the day, and thus make him claim it.
So prefer to give him adapted treats, available in any supermarkets or pet stores, more caloric than their meals of course, but also more palatable. Be careful, however, not to overdo it so that your cat does not become too big, which would be detrimental to its health.
Punishing a cat: be careful not to overdo it
Everyone knows that cats, although they know how to soften us very well, can also be real pests, pilfering everything they can, and settling in places that we do not always like, such as our wardrobes or our bed, doing as they pleased. It is quite possible to teach a cat not to do certain things, but this requires patience, rigor, and above all know-how, because a cat does not punish itself in any way.
First of all, know that it is absolutely necessary never use violence with our feline friends. Indeed, the latter have a very good memory and they prove to be very resentful. Thus, after too violent a punishment, they might be suspicious or even afraid of the person concerned.
The best way to punish a cat will therefore be to act at the right time, as for the reward, i.e. just when it does the wrong action, and not five minutes later, when it no longer understands what it is. he did wrong.
In terms of the method to use, it is very simple, it will suffice to scare him. A “no” said in a loud voice, by clapping your hands for example, will be very effective. This will make the cat run away for sure, and it will associate its action with an unpleasant sensation, in this case, a noise that will have scared him.
If the cat is a repeat offender, the ultimate solution is also very simple: water. Indeed, cats hate to be wet, it is well known. So provide a spray filled with water in places where the cat is likely to do something stupid, and water it as soon as it does one: it will run away immediately. A needleless syringe filled with water can do the trick just as well but will wet your interior even more!
Now you know how to reward or punish a cat. These methods may well help in her education as a kitten, but it will take longer for the dog to really understand what it is and is not allowed to do. You will have to be patient, and above all, understanding towards your behavior, to act in the right way according to the situation.