As soon as he arrives home, your puppy should familiarize himself with the world around him. His socialization will depend on his balanced once an adult. You can then walk your doggie in peace in various places and in all circumstances. The discovery of its new environment must be accomplished in good conditions so as not to create trauma. Our advices.
Why is socializing a puppy important?
Socializing a puppy is all about making it sociable – so that he appreciates the company of his congeners, humans – to show himself able to live in society. The idea is to get him used to situations that he will be confronted with during his life. The goal of socialization is to prevent the dog from developing a disorder anxiety resulting in various reactions: fear, aggressiveness, stress, hyper-attachment… This type of behavior may indeed occur when an animal has been deprived of stimulation sensory and visual, interactions with humans or with its congeners during its first months. If no action is taken, the phenomenon can increase in adulthood.
At what age should you socialize your puppy?
The socialization of the puppy begins at birth, in contact with its mother – who will put him back in his place in the event of overflow – and his siblings. Between 1 and 4 months, puppies are bitten by the curiosity and willingly accept experiences. Socialization must therefore begin with the breeder and continue with you from his 8 weeks, minimum age. legal adoption. After 4 months, the puppy enters a phase of fear during which he is afraid of anything new. And from 5 months, adults will show themselves less patients towards him and he will be reframe during bad behavior. We must therefore take advantage of this crucial period to familiarize it with its environment and its congeners so that it reacts appropriately with other animals, people and in all circumstances.
Socialize your puppy with its peers
Your puppy must adopt hierarchical rules and canine codes in contact with his congeners (and not only those who live with him). In this context, he will learn to communicate with respect so as not to put yourself in danger. Even if he is not yet vaccinated, do not deprive him of interaction, but organize meetings with dogs in your entourage, of which you know the vaccination status. As soon as his vaccine reminders are done, you can take him everywhere, taking care in particular to:
- Present him with balanced congeners, well coded, who will teach him to channel himself by gently rebuffing him if necessary;
- Put him in the presence of dogs sociable. A puppy works by association and if he is around aggressive congeners, he can remember this type of behavior and imitate it;
- Do not take your puppy in your arms as soon as you meet an adult because he will associate your gesture with a danger and will therefore consider his peers as a threat.
Socialize your puppy with humans
As with its congeners, the encounter with humans must take place in a context positive, so do not present it with someone who dislikes or is afraid of dogs. Make sure your pet is exposed to people of all sizes, ages, who wear hats, uniforms, who walk with cane, an umbrella… The contact with children should always be done under surveillance. Take care to teach the youngest – who can be awkward in their gestures – respect for the animal. Be sure to explain to them what they should not not to do : pull the dog’s ears, tail, climb on its back, sit on it, etc … To familiarize your puppy with the turbulence of toddlers, take him near a playground or at the exit of schools. It will also be necessary to get him used to being caressed and manipulated. To do this, start brushing him very early, cleaning his ears, eyes, teeth …
Get your puppy used to all situations
Your puppy needs to get to know the world around him. As such, it is essential to walk it frequently in places different : in the countryside, in the city, in parks, stations, markets, restaurants, elevators. He must see cars, motorcycles, bicycles, hearing horns, fire sirens. At home, make him aware of all kinds of noises: vacuum, radio, television, rattling dishes, fan, hair dryer, doorbell … If the puppy realizes that these sounds are part of the daily and let no one pay attention, he will be appeased. You will also have to quickly get used to trips by car and proceeding gradually with short trips.
Socialization at puppy school
The more stimulating your puppy’s environment, the more trust in him. Exposing it to new situations must, however, be done gradually so as not to generate stress. Don’t force him to see and hear everything in a week! The school for puppies is an efficient and friendly method to promote the socialization of your animal. In dog clubs, the character of the hairballs is known to the instructor, so the interaction takes place with nice friends. The exercises you practice together will teach your puppy the basic orders while encouraging their sociability. And your complicity will only be reinforced.