With the development of the electric car market for several years, great progress has been made in particular in terms of the recharging time of their batteries and therefore their autonomy capacity.
Despite everything, the charging time of an electric car, which has nothing to do with the time needed to refuel a thermal car, is still a major obstacle for those who wish to move towards cleaner vehicles, like the electric car. Are there solutions to speed up the charging of your electric vehicle? What are they ? What are the elements to take into account?
Charging times for an electric car depending on different factors
The times for recharging the batteries of an electric car are not uniform. They vary significantly according to the type of charging system used, but also according to the model of its electric vehicle.
Depending on the performance of an electric vehicle, that is to say the size and capacity of its battery, the recharging time can fluctuate from barely an hour to a whole night, for example. The capacity of an electric car battery is expressed in kilowatt-hours (kWh), or its ability to deliver a range of 1,000 watts per hour.
This capacity depends on its degree of autonomy. When it comes to electric cars, the larger the battery capacity, the longer it takes to recharge.
The charging time of an electric vehicle also depends on the charging system used (domestic socket, reinforced, or wallbox type charging station). The more powerful the latter, the more the charging time is accelerated and therefore decreases. However, each type of electric vehicle can withstand what is called a maximum charge rate.
Thus, most electric cars, especially those of the first generation, can tolerate a charging system with a maximum power of 7.4 kW, which implies a fairly long charging time, even if this duration is much more efficient. than with a single standard socket with a power of 2.2 kW.
Despite everything, with the progress made in electric mobility, more and more electric vehicles have the possibility of supporting a charging system with a power of up to 22 kW. A technical characteristic which makes it possible to accelerate the recharging of an electric car, but on condition that the charging station used corresponds well to this power.
The elements to take into account to accelerate the recharging of your electric car
As described above, the charging systems available on the market today make it possible to significantly accelerate the charging of an electric car. This is the case with wallbox type charging stations which exist in different powers: from 3.7 kW to 22 kW. But be careful, these charging systems must be adapted to the capacity of the battery of the electric car.
On the other hand, to charge an electric vehicle, a specific cable is necessary to connect the car to its charging system. This cable must also be adapted to the charging station to be efficient and accelerate the charging time, at least that the latter corresponds well to the expected duration, and that it is not less, according to the charging station used.
Another element to take into account to accelerate the recharging of an electric car: depending on the charging system used, you will have this possibility or not. For example, if you use a simple household outlet, its intensity (expressed in amperes) is limited to prevent overheating of your electrical installation, so you cannot ensure that the charging time of your vehicle is accelerated. because of this power constrained at the base.
On the other hand, in this case, you have the possibility of using a so-called “reinforced” plug, type Green’Up, which allows you to increase the power tolerated by your electrical installation (up to 3.7 kW), this which helps to accelerate the recharging of your electric car, and with all the security guaranteed by this type of plug.
But, if you want to improve the charging time performance of your vehicle, wallboxes remain the most efficient charging systems.
Finally, keep in mind that climatic hazards also affect the charging times of an electric car. They can prevent not only speeding up vehicle charging, but even slowing it down. The batteries of electric vehicles are in fact, due in particular to the presence of lithium in their composition, very sensitive to both cold temperatures and extreme heat.
This is why, if you charge your electric vehicle at home and you want to charge it quickly, or even accelerate its charging, it is advisable to place your car and your charging station in a place that is at least isolated.