If you plan to install an induction hob in your kitchen, be aware that you will need to bring your electrical installation into compliance. Indeed, these devices need specific sockets to function properly in view of the technology they use. Let’s take stock to help you see more clearly and to better support you in your installation.
How does an induction hob work?
In its purely visual aspect, the induction hob resembles the ceramic hob. However, this hob does not use the same technology. This recent method of cooking indeed uses induction to heat a container and its contents.
To do this, the induction hob must be connected to your electrical installation. When you turn it on, the electric current feeds it and reaches the coil which is located under the different heating points present on the plate. However, when it is crossed by the electric current, the coil creates a magnetic field which, itself, induces electric fields on the metallic surface of the containers which are your pans, saucepans, sauté pans and other placed containers. It is the circulation of electric current which will lead to the heating of the containers and their contents. This specificity is the reason why the induction hob does not support all types of dishes. In order for the field to be created and for the heating to take place, it is imperative to invest in vessels compatible with this technology.
If it has become so popular so quickly, it is because the induction hob has many advantages. It offers a cooking quality similar to that of gas, without the risk of explosion. It is also very easy to clean. In addition, its surface never exceeds 60 ° C, which allows it to be used without risk of burns. In addition, the induction hob does not experience any inertia phenomenon, unlike the ceramic or electric hobs. As soon as the container is lifted off the plate, the magnetic field breaks and current is no longer transferred. As a result, the heating is immediately interrupted. Finally, it is a reliable and very fast appliance for cooking. If it requires energy to operate, it is able to distribute it intelligently to allow you to make very significant savings compared to other cooking methods!
Which socket to install for an induction hob?
The outlet for your induction hob depends on the model chosen.
The mobile induction hob
A mobile induction hob is an independent device with its own electrical cord and electrical plugs. It can be plugged into a conventional socket in the house. It is indeed a device that plugs and unplugs like any other.
The built-in induction hob
These models are the most widespread and are those which are generally fitted to kitchens by fitting directly into the worktop pre-cut for this purpose. In this case, the induction hob does not have a plug, but an electrical cord without a tip. Accordingly, you need to install a cable outlet for connecting the cord.
A cable outlet is a device for a permanent device, as it does not allow regular connections and disconnections. It is a definitive installation that evokes a wall plate whose dimensions are those of a classic socket. You just have to dismantle the front plate to have access to the electric cables and to connect the induction plate cord with connection strips or dominoes before putting the front plate back in place.
An induction hob is subject to standards, in particular the NF C 15-100 standard relating to electrical installations in residential premises. As a result, you should know that the induction hob cannot be installed just any way. The regulations in force stipulate that these devices must have a dedicated electrical circuit and be plugged into a specialized socket of 32 amps maximum. An electrical circuit is valid for an induction hob and cannot be used for another purpose or for the installation of a second hob.
Also within the framework of the NF C 15-100 standard, a type A differential switch must be installed at the head of the plate circuit, on the home’s electricity meter. In addition, the wires of the induction hob must have a minimum cross section of 6 mm².
For your safety, do not hesitate to seek the services of a professional for the installation of your induction hob.